General profile: Turkey

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
84.339 Millions
7.004 TRY/US$
718 818 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 769 630 km²
12.28 %
1.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
150 982
169 482
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
213 619
219 397
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-62 637
-49 915
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %80 %80 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
16 04611 28310 2259 1808 11616 04611 28310 2259 1808 116
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
27 822
36 449
55 488
34 875
Services imports
11 950
19 704
25 500
25 721
Services trade balance
15 872
16 745
29 988
9 154
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
18.2
25.8
35.5
40.9
Travel
69.0
62.0
48.0
29.3
Other services
12.8
12.2
14.3
25.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
11911911211110810091818069676568665854504337312810095959910410094939191949894989510010110199100102
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
506 315
776 967
864 314
718 818
GDP per capita, current US$
7 456
10 742
11 006
8 523
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
8.99
8.43
6.08
1.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.18
-5.78
-3.18
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.344
1.503
2.720
7.004
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
56.915.524.832.729.956.915.524.832.729.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
10 031.00
9 085.00
18 976.00
..
FDI outflows
1 064.00
1 468.00
4 809.00
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.27
0.24
0.16
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
809.81 139.01 048.01 186.01 395.01 739.01 901.01 881.01 883.01 819.01 834.02 439.02 096.01 833.01 368.0804.0729.01 940.02 790.04 560.08 43412 98111 02013 74518 97612 96913 46113 74516 1439 0858 58619 85022 04720 18510 0312 7851 7021 0823 352982FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-3.40
-5.13
-2.11
..
Balance, % of imports
-13.83
-20.09
-8.04
..
Normalized balance
-0.074
-0.112
-0.042
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
626356485053515252464651484846
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
71%Male 71%Female
29%Female 29%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.342 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 048
7 878
8 557
7 076
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
36.14
52.27
56.85
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 657 915
8 297 985
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
4.39
1.84
1.47
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.12
4.47
5.67
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021