General profile: Botswana

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2019
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
2.304 Millions
10.756 BWP/US$
18 776 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 566 730 km²
2.77 %
3.49 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-20.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2019
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchandise exports
4 425
4 693
6 316
5 233
Merchandise imports
3 161
5 657
7 238
6 564
Merchandise trade balance
1 264
-964
-922
-1 331
Export structure by product group in 2019
(as % of total exports)
94 %94 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2019
(exports, millions of US$)
1 3069719354722911 306971935472291
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Services exports
832
640
912
(e) 886
Services imports
594
953
1 119
(e) 926
Services trade balance
238
-313
-207
(e) -40
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport
10.2
5.5
5.0
-
Travel
67.5
68.4
58.4
-
Other services
22.3
26.0
36.6
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
8110195121100119110828174577688838775666061649593971011009390919195929110710499104105108110110
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2019
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2019
GDP, current
9 931
12 787
14 421
18 776
GDP per capita, current US$
5 520
6 435
6 800
8 150
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.56
8.56
-1.70
3.49
Current account balance, % of GDP
16.09
-6.29
2.20
(e) -5.25
Exchange rate (/US$)
5.117
6.794
10.129
10.756
GDP by expenditure in 2018
(as % of total GDP)
49.518.729.439.437.349.518.729.439.437.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2019
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2019
FDI inflows
278.59
218.38
378.55
260.93
FDI outflows
55.89
-0.90
-183.25
-43.45
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
0.17
0.21
0.27
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
50.131.636.324.630.046.136.020.220.4261286261143379515671462932182095214954862793914184033161FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Balance, % of GDP
18.38
-11.17
-6.38
(e) -5.25
Balance, % of imports
52.98
-21.54
-11.37
(e) -13.50
Normalized balance
0.209
-0.121
-0.060
(e) -0.072
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
737876961061141201181019394102988688
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2019
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2019
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
..
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.17
0.27
0.15
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.75
3.10
2.37
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 06 November 2020