The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsover on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Countries and territories
The term "economies", as used in this data center, describes regions, countries and territories. Country-level data are included where statistics have been reported or where it was possible to make an estimate. In case of change in the statistical coverage of a country, it is identified by adding an end year after the country name. Countries validity periods as well as special statistical coverages used in UNCTADstat are detailed below.
Countries and territories are grouped by economic criteria or membership of trade agreements for the purposes of statistical analysis and research.
Correspondance table ISO 3166-1/UNCTADstat
There is no established convention for the designation of "developed" and "developing" countries or areas in the United Nations system. This section includes countries and territories classified according to three categories of development: developing economies, transition economies and developed economies. Each category is further divided by geographical region. The exact composition of each region is detailed below.
World' total represents the sum of the figures of the three above-mentioned groups plus the figures of a group of territories and partners not elsewhere classified, whose composition is detailed below. Data of these territories are included in the world total if they have been reported but are not presented individually or in any group, either geographical, economic or trade.
- Development status groups and composition
- Geographical groups and composition
- "Other territories" grouping composition
Unless otherwise specified, country aggregates are the sums of the relevant country data by group. Calculations of aggregates may in some cases include data estimated by the UNCTAD secretariat that are not necessarily all reported separately.
Data were collected and checked to ensure that they matched the geographical coverage of the countries. However, some gaps could not be avoided due to data unavailability and are described in the table notes.
UNCTADstat provides numerous and varied groups of countries and territories in order to provide easy access to the statistics necessary for socio-economic analysis and development research.
Economies by trade, monetary groups and interregional groups
Statistics on trade and monetary groups are presented where relevant and of special analytical interest.
These groups, which are not limited to developing countries, are classified by geographical region, with the exception of some interregional groups.
Standard international trade classification (SITC) Revision 3
The Standard International Trade Classification which is a statistical classification of the commodities entering external trade. The current international standard is the SITC, Revision 3.
"UNCTAD product groups" are provided for special analytical interest.
The definition of "Manufactured goods by degree of manufacturing" is taken from Trade and Development Report (TDR) 2002 Annexes to Chapter III. Furthermore, some additional works were undertaken to convert the original list in SITC Rev.2 into SITC Rev.3, to extend its coverage to all commodities and to ensure consistency with existing UNCTAD product groups.
- Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Revision 3
- UNCTAD product groupings and composition (SITC Rev. 3)
- Manufactured goods by degree of manufacturing (SITC Rev. 3)
- Product by technological categories (SITC Rev. 3 based on Lall (2000))
Given the complexity of making clear distinctions and defining the borderline between a creative good that is exclusive and mass production, between handmade and machine-made, between decorative and functional, etc., this exercise of compiling statistics for creative goods includes all the creative goods with the above characteristics since they fall under the criteria of the UNCTAD classification of "the cycle of creation, production and distribution of a tangible product with creative content, economic and cultural value and a market objective".
- Creative product groupings and composition (HS 1992)
- Creative product groupings and composition (HS 1996)
- Creative product groupings and composition (HS 2002)
- Creative product groupings and composition (HS 2007)
- Creative product groupings and composition (HS 2012)
- Creative economy product groupings
Information and communication technology (ICT) products
The list of ICT goods was defined by the OECD using the 2007 version of the Harmonised System (HS). This definition was revised in 2010 and then adapted to HS 2012 and HS 2017 by UNCTAD in collaboration with UNSD . The most recent list consists of 93 goods defined at the 6 digit level of HS 2017. The original definition of ICT goods categories was defined in the OECD’s Guide to measuring the Information Society 2011.
- ICT goods categories and composition (HS 1992)
- ICT goods categories and composition (HS 1996)
- ICT goods categories and composition (HS 2002)
- ICT goods categories and composition (HS 2007)
- ICT goods categories and composition (HS 2012)
- ICT goods categories and composition (HS 2017)
- ICT goods categories and composition
Information and communication technology (ICT)
Core indicators on ICT use in business by industrial classification of economic activity are based on ISIC Rev.3.1 or ISIC Rev.4.
- Information and communication technology - Economic activities (ISIC Rev. 3.1)
- Information and communication technology - Economic activities (ISIC Rev. 4)
Composition of commodity groups published in the free market commodity prices and price indices tables.
Classification revision history
UNCTADstat Classification is updated once a year.
- Classification update - April 2019
- Classification update - June 2018
- Classification update - June 2017
- Classification update - September 2016
- Classification update - July 2015
- Classification update - July 2014
- Classification update - June 2013 (Revision)
- Classification update - June 2013
- Classification update - July 2012
- Classification update - September 2011