General profile: Canada

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
37.075 Millions
1.296 CAD/US$
1 708 412 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 9 093 510 km²
2.27 %
1.83 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
360 475
387 481
410 062
450 585
Merchandise imports
322 411
402 690
430 124
470 558
Merchandise trade balance
38 064
-15 209
-20 062
-19 973
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %50 %50 %23 %23 %7 %7 %4 %4 %12 %12 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
337 81421 34412 60610 0016 347337 81421 34412 60610 0016 347
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
(e) 60 224
(e) 76 928
(e) 81 153
(e) 92 881
Services imports
(e) 65 159
(e) 98 437
(e) 101 055
(e) 112 855
Services trade balance
(e) -4 935
(e) -21 509
(e) -19 902
(e) -19 974
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
17.6
16.1
15.0
(e) 14.7
Travel
22.7
20.6
20.4
(e) 23.5
Other services
(e) 57.2
(e) 61.5
(e) 62.6
(e) 59.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
109109104104999910010010410498989595949487877676102102101101969695958989808078788080838310210210310310010010010010910911011010910911211210810810310311711711111110610610610610110197979191979795951091049910010498959487761021019695898078808310210310010010911010911210810311711110610610197919795
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
1 169 393
1 613 463
1 552 523
1 708 412
GDP per capita, current US$
36 357
47 250
43 094
46 080
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.20
3.08
1.00
1.83
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.88
-3.60
-3.57
-2.65
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.211
1.030
1.279
1.296
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
58.120.723.631.033.458.120.723.631.033.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
25 691.56
28 400.44
43 825.35
39 624.62
FDI outflows
27 538.46
34 722.76
67 423.97
50 454.56
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.08
0.07
0.08
0.08
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 359.61 359.61 326.21 326.21 289.31 289.31 274.31 274.31 351.31 351.31 336.51 336.51 254.61 254.61 227.31 227.31 199.21 199.21 196.41 196.41 299.41 299.41 177.51 177.51 085.71 085.7933.7933.7827.7827.7672.3672.3635.3635.3611.2611.2554.6554.639 62539 62524 83224 83235 99235 99243 82543 82558 93358 93369 39169 39143 11143 11139 66939 66928 40028 40022 70022 70061 55361 553116 821116 82160 29460 29425 69225 692-445-4457 4827 48222 15522 15527 66327 66366 79566 7951 359.61 326.21 289.31 274.31 351.31 336.51 254.61 227.31 199.21 196.41 299.41 177.51 085.7933.7827.7672.3635.3611.2554.639 62524 83235 99243 82558 93369 39143 11139 66928 40022 70061 553116 82160 29425 692-4457 48222 15527 66366 795FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 3.88
(e) -1.92
(e) -2.52
(e) -2.16
Balance, % of imports
(e) 11.79
(e) -6.19
(e) -7.39
(e) -6.35
Normalized balance
(e) 0.056
(e) -0.032
(e) -0.038
(e) -0.033
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6664656664626262605867666870
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.180 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
3 027
3 401
3 546
3 460
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
36.38
39.09
47.23
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
4 780 790
5 793 852
6 663 690
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.88
2.76
2.14
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
9.07
8.43
7.12
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
(k) 3.70
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
k
Data include self-employed jobs.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019