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General profile: Bosnia and Herzegovina

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2022
Exchange rate
Population
Population
Exchange rates
GDP
GDP
3.234 Millions
1.859 BAM/US$
25 079 Millions current US$
Land area¹
Land area
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 51 200 km²
14.01 %
3.59 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+12.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2022
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Merchandise exports
2 400
4 803
5 098
9 674
Merchandise imports
7 070
9 223
8 986
15 377
Merchandise trade balance
-4 670
-4 420
-3 889
-5 702
Export structure by product group in 2022
(as % of total exports)
0 %0 %71 %71 %10 %10 %9 %9 %5 %5 %5 %5 %
Top 5 partners in 2022
(exports, millions of US$)
1 4261 2081 1709228781 4261 2081 170922878
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Services exports
989
1 702
1 680
2 838
Services imports
436
541
574
905
Services trade balance
553
1 161
1 106
1 933
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Transport
11.2
16.5
20.6
22.1
Travel
52.4
34.6
44.8
49.6
Other services
36.4
19.4
14.0
17.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
13811612313212510910010298879792819488765948393232331121031021021011001009696979999989899100979797979596
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2022
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2022
GDP, current
11 223
17 176
16 212
25 079
GDP per capita, current US$
2 741
4 507
4 600
7 756
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.90
0.87
3.09
3.59
Current account balance, % of GDP
-16.43
-6.00
-5.10
-4.39
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.573
1.477
1.763
1.859
GDP by expenditure in 2021
(as % of total GDP)
69.419.526.342.754.669.419.526.342.754.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2022
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2022
FDI inflows
351.19
406.09
361.14
661.37
FDI outflows
0.45
45.63
72.68
43.14
Personal remittances, % of GDP
18.16
10.61
11.11
9.83
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 466.22 374.51 910.72 332.62 262.92 016.91 846.01 801.12 107.11 958.01 845.71 958.21 822.32 127.02 717.72 686.52 148.92 037.72 053.21 738.11 495.71 500.01 581.06615874294585814923503615502763954974062501 0021 819555351511381265119146FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Balance, % of GDP
-38.72
-21.53
-18.30
-13.95
Balance, % of imports
-55.08
-42.07
-34.03
-23.35
Normalized balance
-0.380
-0.266
-0.205
-0.132
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
106978396100988989918888888174878498102
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2022
(% of population)
Urban
50%Urban 50%Rural
50%Rural 50%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2022
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2022
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
..
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.28
0.15
0.26
0.24
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.17
2.89
3.02
2.39
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
(p) 3.12
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
p
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 21 December 2023