General profile: Nicaragua

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
6.466 Millions
31.553 NIO/US$
13 244 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 120 340 km²
4.95 %
-4.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
1 654
3 251
4 839
5 014
Merchandise imports
2 956
4 792
7 060
6 629
Merchandise trade balance
-1 302
-1 541
-2 220
-1 615
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
9 %9 %46 %46 %45 %45 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
3 0622862561791403 062286256179140
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
531
819
1 253
1 343
Services imports
448
723
1 022
929
Services trade balance
83
96
232
414
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
6.4
4.8
4.2
4.5
Travel
38.9
38.3
42.1
40.5
Other services
12.9
26.3
21.3
24.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
123123104104929210010012312311811811711710210271714848585842423434282821211515121212121212112112949488881001001201201221221371371351359999848499997474646457574848424240404141484812310492100123118117102714858423428211512121211294881001201221371359984997464574842404148
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
6 300
8 759
12 611
13 244
GDP per capita, current US$
1 158
1 504
2 026
2 048
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.28
4.41
4.77
-4.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
-12.44
-8.91
-9.08
0.63
Exchange rate (/US$)
16.733
21.356
27.257
31.553
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
69.915.329.041.255.469.915.329.041.255.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
241.10
489.90
949.90
359.20
FDI outflows
..
15.10
45.00
75.10
Personal remittances, % of GDP
9.77
9.42
9.50
11.36
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 504.91 504.91 394.71 394.71 268.11 268.11 197.51 197.51 140.21 140.21 081.31 081.31 016.31 016.3913.6913.6824.8824.8770.3770.3819.9819.9739.6739.6697.5697.5615.73593597727728998999509508848848168167687689369364904904344346276273823822872872412412502502012012042041501502672671 504.91 394.71 268.11 197.51 140.21 081.31 016.3913.6824.8770.3819.9739.6697.5359772899950884816768936490434627382287241250201204150267FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-23.56
-21.69
-20.87
-12.00
Balance, % of imports
-52.02
-36.28
-35.44
-23.61
Normalized balance
-0.352
-0.222
-0.215
-0.134
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
90949297103107111108988696928667
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
60%Male 60%Female
40%Female 40%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2
3
3
3
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
8.54
7.88
8.74
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
67 445
138 445
276 205
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.14
0.14
0.07
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.14
4.77
5.53
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019