General profile: Tonga

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
0.106 Millions
2.300 TOP/US$
498 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 720 km²
0.24 %
-1.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-28.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
10
8
18
(e) 14
Merchandise imports
121
159
209
(e) 214
Merchandise trade balance
-111
-151
-191
(e) -199
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
0 %0 %10 %10 %10 %10 %7 %7 %73 %73 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
3222132221
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
25
35
49
75
Services imports
41
48
55
95
Services trade balance
-16
-13
-6
-20
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
10.4
19.3
23.1
21.7
Travel
56.6
46.0
65.1
53.4
Other services
33.0
34.8
11.3
24.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
791076710512610095867771485052556877129168148678510610198102106100918986899691958380809198878785
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-1.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
261
371
403
498
GDP per capita, current US$
2 588
3 570
4 001
4 714
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
-0.42
0.80
1.17
-1.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.30
-23.39
-11.01
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.943
1.906
2.106
2.300
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
95.520.325.422.065.295.520.325.422.065.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
12.97
24.71
12.35
..
FDI outflows
4.58
3.10
5.32
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
26.37
19.80
37.42
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
183.3183.3158.5126.2149.9119.3122.791.284.374.081.9103.581.878.069.069.360.466.313151491256513144252046241713376589FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-40.00
-48.12
-47.18
..
Balance, % of imports
-69.53
-79.72
-66.79
..
Normalized balance
-0.533
-0.663
-0.501
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
808582889473857973738780736975
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
58%Male 58%Female
42%Female 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.002 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
125
78
80
51
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
5.05
4.99
5.24
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
48 431
50 408
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
0.00
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
2.84
6.36
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021