General profile: Tanzania, United Republic of

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2019
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
58.005 Millions
2 288.206 TZS/US$
64 333 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 885 800 km²
3.46 %
6.95 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+23.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2019
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchandise exports
1 679
4 051
4 834
5 005
Merchandise imports
3 287
7 874
10 789
9 452
Merchandise trade balance
-1 608
-3 824
-5 955
-4 447
Export structure by product group in 2019
(as % of total exports)
29 %29 %22 %22 %6 %6 %5 %5 %38 %38 %
Top 5 partners in 2019
(exports, millions of US$)
767422339318261767422339318261
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Services exports
1 269
2 046
3 412
(e) 4 119
Services imports
1 207
1 889
2 629
(e) 1 938
Services trade balance
62
157
783
(e) 2 181
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport
17.6
22.2
30.0
-
Travel
64.9
61.3
55.7
-
Other services
17.5
16.5
14.2
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
99778497100787690767761574744414037322823104100104107100899197979284757472646464636263
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2019
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2019
GDP, current
17 611
32 370
48 562
64 333
GDP per capita, current US$
458
730
943
1 109
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.30
6.31
6.16
6.95
Current account balance, % of GDP
-6.20
-6.83
-8.19
(e) -2.16
Exchange rate (/US$)
1 128.934
1 395.625
1 991.391
2 288.206
GDP by expenditure in 2018
(as % of total GDP)
60.18.138.813.817.560.18.138.813.817.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2019
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2019
FDI inflows
935.52
1 813.25
1 560.80
1 112.40
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
1.06
0.80
0.68
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
434.8412.9402.6402.5387.8389.5381.9390.1409.61 1121 0569388641 5611 4162 0871 8001 2291 8139531 383582403936331308388467282FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Balance, % of GDP
-7.00
-8.29
-7.69
(e) -1.11
Balance, % of imports
-29.33
-29.65
-29.93
(e) -6.86
Normalized balance
-0.172
-0.174
-0.176
(e) -0.036
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
313133384443475356484350464441
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2019
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.042 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2019
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
41
117
12 558
841
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
11.66
11.74
23.91
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
371 278
612 600
405 775
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.26
0.35
6.07
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.83
3.77
3.88
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 06 November 2020