General profile: United Republic of Tanzania

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
56.313 Millions
2 263.781 TZS/US$
58 644 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 885 800 km²
3.49 %
7.11 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
1 679
4 051
4 834
3 982
Merchandise imports
3 287
7 874
10 789
8 818
Merchandise trade balance
-1 608
-3 824
-5 955
-4 836
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
23 %23 %35 %35 %4 %4 %38 %38 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
512398327219179512398327219179
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
1 269
2 046
3 411
(e) 3 769
Services imports
1 207
1 889
2 670
(e) 2 052
Services trade balance
62
157
742
(e) 1 716
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
17.6
22.2
30.0
(e) 32.9
Travel
64.9
61.3
55.8
(e) 59.3
Other services
17.5
16.5
14.2
(e) 7.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
767684849797100100787876769090767677776161575747474444414140403737323228282323100100104104107107100100888890909696979792928484747474747272636364646464636362626363768497100787690767761574744414037322823100104107100889096979284747472636464636263
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
18 510
31 851
46 788
58 644
GDP per capita, current US$
481
718
909
1 041
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.31
6.31
6.95
7.11
Current account balance, % of GDP
-5.90
-6.94
-8.81
(e) -3.65
Exchange rate (/US$)
1 128.934
1 395.625
1 991.391
2 263.781
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
62.613.726.115.117.562.613.726.115.117.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
935.52
1 813.25
1 560.80
1 104.80
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
1.08
0.83
0.73
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
429.6429.6402.6402.6402.5402.5387.8387.8389.5389.5381.9381.9390.1390.1409.6409.6344.31 1051 1059389388648641 5611 5611 4161 4162 0872 0871 8001 8001 2291 2291 8131 8139539531 3831 383582582403403936936331331308308388388467467282282429.6402.6402.5387.8389.5381.9390.1409.61 1059388641 5611 4162 0871 8001 2291 8139531 383582403936331308388467282FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-6.66
-8.43
-7.91
(e) -3.51
Balance, % of imports
-29.33
-29.65
-29.56
(e) -20.11
Normalized balance
-0.172
-0.174
-0.173
(e) -0.112
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3134414645485456484351474539
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.050 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
41
117
12 537
957
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
13.72
12.76
14.90
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
696 000
1 076 000
1 190 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.26
0.35
6.07
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.83
3.77
3.88
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019