General profile: Iran (Islamic Republic of)

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
83.993 Millions
42 000.000 IRR/US$
759 996 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 628 760 km²
36.50 %
-5.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-17.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
56 252
101 316
70 275
54 243
Merchandise imports
40 041
65 404
44 937
38 757
Merchandise trade balance
16 211
35 912
25 338
15 486
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %36 %36 %43 %43 %8 %8 %13 %13 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
13 3526 5626 0913 2443 22913 3526 5626 0913 2443 229
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
4 999
8 853
11 085
(e) 4 625
Services imports
(e) 10 841
18 893
15 870
(e) 7 138
Services trade balance
(e) -5 842
-10 040
-4 785
(e) -2 513
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
46.5
43.7
35.5
-
Travel
15.8
27.5
39.6
-
Other services
37.6
28.8
25.0
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
72901401311051001241151331601361101531381301018173656066981151201048910012913112912710791129110109967767636369
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
226 452
491 099
393 436
759 996
GDP per capita, current US$
3 246
6 658
5 012
9 048
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.19
5.80
-1.32
-5.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
6.80
5.61
(e) 0.31
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
8 963.959
10 254.176
29 011.491
42 000.000
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
45.612.538.79.89.845.612.538.79.89.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
2 889.19
3 648.97
2 050.00
..
FDI outflows
414.56
238.96
119.69
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.46
0.24
0.34
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 181.01 072.01 115.01 115.01 032.01 032.01 032.01 178.0851.0682.0536.01 5082 3735 0193 3722 0502 1053 0504 6624 2773 6492 9831 9802 0182 3182 8893 0372 8773 519408194FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 6.76
5.56
(e) 0.14
..
Balance, % of imports
(e) 28.22
28.92
(e) 0.77
..
Normalized balance
(e) 0.124
0.126
(e) 0.004
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
44413842343242444448515455
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
80%Male 80%Female
20%Female 20%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.956 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
9 114
1 333
4 613
19 810
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
30.66
19.61
17.27
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 732 500
2 174 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.03
0.04
0.07
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.57
3.63
6.13
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021