General profile: Kazakhstan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
18.320 Millions
344.706 KZT/US$
166 895 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 2 699 700 km²
6.02 %
4.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+26.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
27 849
59 971
45 956
60 956
Merchandise imports
17 353
31 107
30 568
32 534
Merchandise trade balance
10 496
28 864
15 388
28 423
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
0 %0 %12 %12 %70 %70 %12 %12 %5 %5 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
11 7346 3076 1865 2803 83911 7346 3076 1865 2803 839
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
2 087
4 119
6 177
7 275
Services imports
7 521
11 369
10 898
11 871
Services trade balance
-5 434
-7 250
-4 720
-4 596
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
49.1
55.4
56.9
54.7
Travel
33.6
24.4
26.4
31.0
Other services
17.3
20.0
15.6
13.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
126126105105828210010015815816716716816816216212812894941491491121129696747458584141323229292929124124106106898910010014214215215215315315415413013010710714314312012011511597977878666661616161666612610582100158167168162128941491129674584132292912410689100142152153154130107143120115977866616166
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
57 124
148 047
184 388
166 895
GDP per capita, current US$
3 709
9 109
10 493
9 110
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.70
7.25
1.15
4.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.81
0.94
-3.26
-0.03
Exchange rate (/US$)
132.880
147.355
221.728
344.706
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
52.811.127.135.126.852.811.127.135.126.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
1 971.22
11 550.72
4 056.61
3 816.58
FDI outflows
-147.86
7 885.48
795.17
-1 102.63
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.11
0.15
0.11
0.25
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
418.5418.5355.0355.0275.4275.4194.5194.5228.5228.5207.0207.0178.1178.1179.7179.7225.6225.6198.2198.2125.6125.6143.0143.083.683.662.062.057.457.442.242.2111.2111.285.085.067.567.53 8173 8174 6694 6698 5118 5114 0574 0578 4898 48910 32110 32113 33713 33713 97313 97311 55111 55113 24313 24314 32214 32211 11911 1196 2786 2781 9711 9714 1574 1572 0922 0922 5902 5902 8352 8351 2831 283418.5355.0275.4194.5228.5207.0178.1179.7225.6198.2125.6143.083.662.057.442.2111.285.067.53 8174 6698 5114 0578 48910 32113 33713 97311 55113 24314 32211 1196 2781 9714 1572 0922 5902 8351 283FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
8.29
13.77
3.63
13.03
Balance, % of imports
18.60
46.06
15.17
48.18
Normalized balance
0.085
0.187
0.070
0.194
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6759575164657273747594929197
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.008 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
20
91
147
154
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.06
0.05
0.19
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.03
4.97
4.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019