General profile: Indonesia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
267.671 Millions
14 236.939 IDR/US$
1 041 772 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 811 570 km²
3.20 %
5.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
86 996
158 074
150 366
180 215
Merchandise imports
75 725
135 323
142 695
188 707
Merchandise trade balance
11 271
22 751
7 671
-8 492
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %43 %43 %23 %23 %7 %7 %5 %5 %20 %20 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
27 12719 48018 47213 72612 99227 12719 48018 47213 72612 992
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
12 997
(e) 16 887
22 221
27 932
Services imports
22 197
26 461
30 918
35 034
Services trade balance
-9 200
(e) -9 574
-8 697
-7 101
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
21.9
15.8
15.6
12.9
Travel
34.8
41.2
48.4
50.5
Other services
42.8
42.6
33.1
34.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1091091101101001001001001011011031031041041111111001008282868684848080747468686910210210610610110110010010010010010010510511011010410498981031039595939387878686841091101001001011031041111008286848074681021061011001001001051101049810395938786
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
304 372
755 094
860 854
1 041 772
GDP per capita, current US$
1 345
3 122
3 332
3 892
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.69
6.22
4.88
5.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
0.09
0.68
-2.04
-2.98
Exchange rate (/US$)
9 704.742
9 090.433
13 389.413
14 236.939
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
57.39.133.420.419.257.39.133.420.419.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
8 336.26
13 770.58
16 641.45
21 979.79
FDI outflows
3 065.00
2 664.25
5 936.97
8 138.85
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.78
0.92
1.12
1.08
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
11 237.111 237.19 011.39 011.38 906.78 906.79 659.29 659.28 551.28 551.27 614.47 614.47 212.27 212.26 924.06 924.06 916.16 916.16 792.96 792.96 794.26 794.26 174.36 174.35 722.45 722.45 419.621 98021 98020 57920 5793 9213 92116 64116 64121 81121 81118 81718 81719 13819 13819 24119 24113 77113 7714 8784 8789 3189 3186 9286 9284 9144 9148 3368 3361 8961 896-59711 237.19 011.38 906.79 659.28 551.27 614.47 212.26 924.06 916.16 792.96 794.26 174.35 722.421 98020 5793 92116 64121 81118 81719 13819 24113 7714 8789 3186 9284 9148 3361 896FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
2.63
(e) 2.84
0.62
-0.72
Balance, % of imports
9.22
(e) 14.73
3.22
-3.49
Normalized balance
0.044
(e) 0.069
0.016
-0.018
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
4137353945464645414052495160
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
61%Male 61%Female
39%Female 39%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.160 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
5 039
10 471
18 224
22 313
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
32.99
35.70
45.68
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
9 692 442
11 978 700
12 853 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
8.11
4.98
3.52
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
3.60
8.49
7.63
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019