General profile: Germany

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
83.124 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
3 994 713 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 349 360 km²
1.73 %
1.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
970 914
1 258 924
1 326 206
1 560 648
Merchandise imports
777 073
1 054 814
1 051 132
1 285 722
Merchandise trade balance
193 842
204 110
275 074
274 927
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %89 %89 %5 %5 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
134 389124 223110 50299 57496 679134 389124 223110 50299 57496 679
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
159 418
225 014
276 749
(e) 331 156
Services imports
209 867
263 280
295 502
(e) 351 455
Services trade balance
-50 449
-38 265
-18 753
(e) -20 299
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
23.4
24.8
20.4
(e) 20.8
Travel
18.3
15.4
13.3
(e) 12.9
Other services
53.3
56.1
61.1
(e) 60.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
104104104104103103100100959591918989909088887979909093938787818181817474727269696666999910010010210210010097979595939393939696999993939595959597971001001021021011011001001001001041041031009591899088799093878181747269669910010210097959393969993959597100102101100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
2 861 339
3 417 095
3 381 389
3 994 713
GDP per capita, current US$
35 064
42 277
41 344
48 057
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.71
4.08
1.74
1.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
4.65
5.74
8.52
7.29
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
52.919.520.147.039.552.919.520.147.039.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.9 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
(m) 47 449.80
(m) 65 642.99
(m) 41 443.56
(m) 25 706.16
FDI outflows
(m) 74 543.07
(m) 125 450.81
(m) 109 891.76
(m) 77 075.98
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.37
0.47
0.43
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
17 364.117 364.116 776.916 776.916 447.116 447.115 811.515 811.517 068.617 068.616 397.716 397.714 643.214 643.215 327.615 327.612 791.612 791.612 333.312 333.310 974.010 974.09 769.99 769.97 482.37 482.36 865.86 865.86 580.66 580.65 779.75 779.74 686.24 686.23 931.33 931.33 639.93 639.925 70625 70636 93136 93123 50023 50041 44441 4444 8644 86415 57215 57228 18128 18167 51467 51465 64365 64323 80623 8068 1278 12780 21280 21255 65555 65547 45047 450-10 192-10 19232 37732 37753 52253 52226 40226 402198 279198 27917 364.116 776.916 447.115 811.517 068.616 397.714 643.215 327.612 791.612 333.310 974.09 769.97 482.36 865.86 580.65 779.74 686.23 931.33 639.925 70636 93123 50041 4444 86415 57228 18167 51465 64323 8068 12780 21255 65547 450-10 19232 37753 52226 402198 279FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
5.04
5.11
7.59
(e) 6.05
Balance, % of imports
15.42
13.84
19.54
(e) 14.96
Normalized balance
0.072
0.065
0.089
(e) 0.070
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
8786848584858685797181797770
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.516 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
9 381
17 570
12 538
9 937
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
82.58
86.87
87.41
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
14 715 340
19 139 033
19 597 633
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
7.90
5.09
4.65
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.50
9.16
8.44
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 4.12
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Directional basis calculated from Asset/Liability basis.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019