General profile: South Africa

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
59.309 Millions
16.459 ZAR/US$
302 071 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 213 090 km²
3.27 %
-7.00 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
51 626
91 347
81 002
85 834
Merchandise imports
62 304
96 835
(e) 104 651
(e) 84 062
Merchandise trade balance
-10 679
-5 488
(e) -23 649
(e) 1 772
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
12 %12 %37 %37 %8 %8 %31 %31 %12 %12 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
9 7947 1316 3994 2413 7939 7947 1316 3994 2413 793
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
11 829
16 063
15 050
7 528
Services imports
12 151
19 592
15 531
9 856
Services trade balance
-322
-3 529
-481
-2 328
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
17.1
19.3
16.4
16.7
Travel
63.5
56.6
54.9
34.6
Other services
19.2
24.0
28.5
47.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
119109108109103100939192958767817466605753535250119109105108103100979810410410195898784797877767371
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
257 772
375 348
317 416
302 071
GDP per capita, current US$
5 384
7 329
5 731
5 093
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.28
3.04
1.19
-7.00
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.11
-1.46
-4.59
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
6.359
7.321
12.759
16.459
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
60.221.317.629.929.460.221.317.629.929.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
(j) 6 646.93
(j) 3 635.60
(j) 1 729.38
..
FDI outflows
(j) 930.29
(j) -75.67
(j) 5 743.59
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.28
0.26
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
873.3929.0873.9755.4825.3913.4970.71 084.51 158.41 069.6862.1783.7792.4691.9613.6522.7434.6288.2297.8344.04 6245 4502 0082 2351 7295 7718 3004 5594 2433 6367 5029 2096 5383116 6477987341 5696 784887FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-0.25
1.23
-1.31
..
Balance, % of imports
-0.93
4.51
-4.17
..
Normalized balance
-0.005
0.022
-0.021
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
596058616264646160565673646053
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
58%Male 58%Female
42%Female 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.024 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
104
126
74
499
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
32.39
38.13
40.22
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
3 959 192
4 662 300
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.25
1.20
1.42
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.09
9.25
8.93
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
j
Asset/liability basis.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021