General profile: Saudi Arabia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
33.703 Millions
3.750 SAR/US$
776 961 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 2 149 690 km²
2.47 %
2.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+32.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
180 711
251 143
203 550
294 373
Merchandise imports
59 459
106 863
174 676
137 065
Merchandise trade balance
121 252
144 280
28 875
157 309
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %27 %27 %69 %69 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
44 36233 91426 84326 62425 33544 36233 91426 84326 62425 335
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
11 401
10 689
14 474
18 064
Services imports
33 095
76 772
88 036
86 457
Services trade balance
-21 694
-66 084
-73 562
-68 393
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
16.0
19.1
19.7
25.1
Travel
40.5
62.8
70.0
66.6
Other services
43.5
18.2
10.3
8.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
137137117117969610010014914915815816116115715712012096961511511251251281281461461061068484696964647373126126114114909010010015015015715715915916216213213211411416216214614614614616316313013011011099999898109109137117961001491581611571209615112512814610684696473126114901001501571591621321141621461461631301109998109
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
328 461
528 207
654 270
776 961
GDP per capita, current US$
13 792
19 263
20 628
23 053
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.57
5.04
4.11
2.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
27.40
12.64
-8.67
9.09
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.750
3.750
3.750
3.750
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
41.524.928.233.528.141.524.928.233.528.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
12 097.33
29 233.00
8 141.00
3 208.81
FDI outflows
-349.87
3 907.00
5 390.00
21 219.18
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.04
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
334.6334.6290.8290.8307.5307.5295.4295.4273.3273.3268.8268.8245.9245.9243.7243.7236.5236.5214.4214.4216.2216.2123.5123.5105.6105.693.93 2093 2091 4191 4197 4537 4538 1418 1418 0128 0128 8658 86512 18212 18216 30816 30829 23329 23336 45836 45839 45639 45624 31924 31918 29318 29312 09712 0971 9421 942778778453453504504183183334.6290.8307.5295.4273.3268.8245.9243.7236.5214.4216.2123.5105.63 2091 4197 4538 1418 0128 86512 18216 30829 23336 45839 45624 31918 29312 0971 942778453504183FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
31.95
16.59
-4.48
13.14
Balance, % of imports
120.82
50.30
-11.85
48.51
Normalized balance
0.377
0.201
-0.063
0.195
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6765627181838486838596959085
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
83%Male 83%Female
17%Female 17%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.703 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 582
2 319
4 231
13 523
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
45.26
55.50
58.17
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 810 404
7 567 862
8 670 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.07
0.11
0.16
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.65
7.35
7.77
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019