General profile: Estonia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1.327 Millions
0.876 EUR/US$
31 040 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 43 470 km²
-0.63 %
-2.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
7 716
11 591
12 836
16 375
Merchandise imports
10 238
12 287
14 521
17 335
Merchandise trade balance
-2 523
-696
-1 685
-960
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %69 %69 %11 %11 %6 %6 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
2 5651 6991 4711 4191 3082 5651 6991 4711 4191 308
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
3 473
4 734
5 862
6 464
Services imports
2 257
2 946
3 987
6 224
Services trade balance
1 216
1 788
1 876
240
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
36.9
39.4
31.8
27.6
Travel
28.0
22.7
25.5
9.1
Other services
25.2
34.7
36.5
56.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1221171171091051001021041041048468798181685559545249105101101101102100100101100103104105100103100102104104106111106
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
14 096
19 694
23 049
31 040
GDP per capita, current US$
10 398
14 784
17 523
23 399
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.49
2.69
1.84
-2.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-8.64
1.73
1.75
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.876
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
49.019.927.772.968.949.019.927.772.968.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
2 799.17
1 508.54
35.51
..
FDI outflows
662.83
167.13
182.10
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.87
1.81
1.98
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
575.0566.5505.9486.5457.3543.9564.8460.7438.7357.1340.1416.3381.3392.13 0441 4861 9211 059366857711 5651 0051 5091 8391 8302 3111 3342 799957928289539391FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-5.06
6.31
3.91
..
Balance, % of imports
-7.17
9.27
5.35
..
Normalized balance
-0.037
0.044
0.026
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
143145148151150159165169166142117137134137136
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.004 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
164
99
68
80
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
9.40
8.22
10.69
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
152 000
208 700
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
17.04
7.95
11.91
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.04
9.64
11.21
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 4.81
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021