General profile: Estonia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1.323 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
29 509 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 43 470 km²
3.44 %
3.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+17.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
7 716
11 591
12 836
17 025
Merchandise imports
10 238
12 287
14 521
19 124
Merchandise trade balance
-2 523
-696
-1 685
-2 099
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %66 %66 %15 %15 %7 %7 %9 %9 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
2 4871 7651 5591 5091 2382 4871 7651 5591 5091 238
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
3 473
4 718
5 861
(e) 7 685
Services imports
2 257
2 950
3 964
(e) 5 513
Services trade balance
1 216
1 768
1 896
(e) 2 172
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
36.9
39.5
31.8
(e) 29.9
Travel
28.0
22.6
25.5
(e) 23.0
Other services
25.2
34.7
36.5
(e) 40.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
117117109109105105100100102102104104104104104104848468687979818181816868555559595454525249491011011011011021021001001001001011011001001031031041041051051001001031031001001021021041041041041061061111111061061171091051001021041041048468798181685559545249101101102100100101100103104105100103100102104104106111106
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
14 003
19 503
22 567
29 509
GDP per capita, current US$
10 330
14 640
17 157
22 306
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.58
2.26
1.67
3.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.90
1.76
1.86
1.93
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
51.320.325.477.673.351.320.325.477.673.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
2 799.17
1 508.54
35.60
1 309.36
FDI outflows
662.83
167.13
182.55
-21.72
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.89
1.83
2.03
1.85
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
545.4545.4505.5505.5486.4486.4457.1457.1543.8543.8567.6567.6460.8460.8438.4438.4357.2357.2339.8339.8362.3362.3411.0411.0401.9401.9264.11 3091 3091 7121 7121 0961 09636366846847697691 5651 5651 0051 0051 5091 5091 8391 8391 8301 8302 3112 3111 3341 3342 7992 799957957928928289289539539391391545.4505.5486.4457.1543.8567.6460.8438.4357.2339.8362.3411.0401.91 3091 7121 096366847691 5651 0051 5091 8391 8302 3111 3342 799957928289539391FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-5.09
6.31
4.07
(e) 3.47
Balance, % of imports
-7.17
9.19
5.46
(e) 4.72
Normalized balance
-0.037
0.044
0.027
(e) 0.023
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
151152155153162166169167144117138135137137
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
50%Male 50%Female
50%Female 50%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.004 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
164
99
67
82
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
8.13
8.47
8.25
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
152 000
208 700
222 700
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
17.04
7.95
11.91
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.04
9.64
11.21
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 4.81
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019