General profile: Pakistan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
212.228 Millions
121.824 PKR/US$
281 386 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 770 880 km²
5.08 %
5.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
16 051
21 410
22 089
23 485
Merchandise imports
25 357
37 807
44 168
60 472
Merchandise trade balance
-9 306
-16 397
-22 079
-36 987
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %74 %74 %21 %21 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
3 8021 8181 7291 3481 3103 8021 8181 7291 3481 310
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
3 664
6 575
5 897
5 255
Services imports
7 592
7 173
8 807
10 123
Services trade balance
-3 928
-598
-2 910
-4 867
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
29.4
21.7
19.9
16.1
Travel
5.0
4.6
5.4
7.4
Other services
65.6
73.7
74.7
76.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
999910110110310310010010410410510510510511311311811811011010710712012012612613113112312312312311711711011010110191919797104104100100989894949999103103107107108108969610910911611612512514014014714715715716616616616699101103100104105105113118110107120126131123123117110101919710410098949910310710896109116125140147157166166
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
117 708
174 508
267 035
281 386
GDP per capita, current US$
734
973
1 339
1 326
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.67
1.61
4.73
5.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.06
-0.78
-1.04
-6.82
Exchange rate (/US$)
59.514
85.194
102.769
121.824
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
81.811.915.88.317.881.811.915.88.317.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
2 201.00
2 022.00
1 621.00
2 352.00
FDI outflows
44.00
47.00
25.00
8.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
3.64
5.55
7.23
7.47
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
21 014.121 014.119 689.019 689.019 808.019 808.019 306.019 306.017 244.017 244.014 629.014 629.014 007.014 007.012 263.012 263.09 690.09 690.08 717.08 717.07 039.07 039.05 998.05 998.05 121.05 121.04 280.04 280.03 942.03 942.03 961.03 961.03 550.03 550.01 460.01 460.01 080.01 080.02 3522 3523 2323 2322 4882 4881 6211 6211 8681 8681 3331 3338598591 1621 1622 0222 0222 3382 3385 4385 4385 5905 5904 2734 2732 2012 2011 1181 11853453482382338338330930921 014.119 689.019 808.019 306.017 244.014 629.014 007.012 263.09 690.08 717.07 039.05 998.05 121.04 280.03 942.03 961.03 550.01 460.01 080.02 3523 2322 4881 6211 8681 3338591 1622 0222 3385 4385 5904 2732 2011 118534823383309FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-8.65
-6.86
-7.50
-13.08
Balance, % of imports
-34.77
-29.93
-41.20
-55.03
Normalized balance
-0.210
-0.176
-0.259
-0.380
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3431282933363737393649394141
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
78%Male 78%Female
22%Female 22%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.037 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
472
481
710
717
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
31.64
32.94
35.28
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 149 000
2 755 600
3 275 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.51
0.20
0.24
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.70
3.35
4.90
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019