General profile: Pakistan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
220.892 Millions
161.838 PKR/US$
255 815 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 770 880 km²
10.74 %
-2.67 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
16 051
21 410
22 089
21 976
Merchandise imports
25 357
37 807
44 168
45 847
Merchandise trade balance
-9 306
-16 397
-22 079
-23 871
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %75 %75 %19 %19 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
4 1421 8671 7261 3951 0974 1421 8671 7261 3951 097
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
3 664
6 575
5 897
5 353
Services imports
7 592
7 173
8 807
7 543
Services trade balance
-3 928
-598
-2 910
-2 190
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
29.4
21.7
19.9
11.3
Travel
5.0
4.6
5.4
8.2
Other services
65.6
73.7
74.7
80.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
15014812610910510010310410411211710910511812412912212211610911811410910510510610096939710110610694107115123139145155164201
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
117 708
174 508
267 035
255 815
GDP per capita, current US$
734
973
1 339
1 158
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.67
1.61
4.73
-2.67
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.06
-0.78
-1.05
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
59.514
85.194
102.769
161.838
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
82.112.615.49.719.982.112.615.49.719.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
2 201.00
2 022.00
1 673.00
..
FDI outflows
44.00
47.00
25.00
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
3.64
5.55
7.23
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
22 507.021 193.019 807.019 808.019 306.017 244.014 629.014 007.012 263.09 690.08 717.07 039.05 998.05 121.04 280.03 942.03 961.03 550.01 460.01 080.02 2181 7372 4962 5761 6731 8871 3338591 1622 0222 3385 4385 5904 2732 2011 118534823383309FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-8.65
-6.86
-7.50
..
Balance, % of imports
-34.77
-29.93
-41.20
..
Normalized balance
-0.210
-0.176
-0.259
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
333431282933363737393649394141
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
77%Male 77%Female
23%Female 23%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.042 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
472
481
715
868
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
30.70
30.64
39.15
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 149 000
2 755 600
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.51
0.20
0.24
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.70
3.35
4.90
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021