General profile: Dem. Rep. of the Congo

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
84.068 Millions
1 622.524 CDF/US$
40 140 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 2 267 050 km²
29.30 %
3.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
2 403
(e) 5 300
(e) 5 800
(e) 8 800
Merchandise imports
2 690
(e) 4 500
(e) 6 300
(e) 5 200
Merchandise trade balance
-288
(e) 800
(e) -500
(e) 3 600
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
13 %13 %5 %5 %82 %82 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
2 1561 6109767973662 1561 610976797366
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
343
389
173
-
Services imports
1 169
2 663
2 192
-
Services trade balance
-826
-2 274
-2 018
-
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
3.4
22.8
52.1
-
Travel
0.9
2.8
0.1
-
Other services
95.7
74.4
47.8
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
144144137137969610010012412497979696100100919163637474585856565353454535353131242421211181181201201001001001001131131181181221221321321301301021021371371151151141149898909086868787888889891441379610012497961009163745856534535312421118120100100113118122132130102137115114989086878889
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
11 965
21 566
37 918
40 140
GDP per capita, current US$
218
334
497
477
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.14
7.11
6.92
3.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.25
-10.08
-3.91
-5.40
Exchange rate (/US$)
473.908
905.913
925.985
1 622.524
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
77.55.520.835.639.477.55.520.835.639.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
266.60
2 939.27
1 673.50
1 493.88
FDI outflows
13.45
7.20
507.78
209.23
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
3.08
3.50
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 405.31 405.31 273.81 273.8593.5593.51 166.61 166.6756.4756.41 001.41 001.4855.9855.91 127.51 4941 4941 3401 3401 2051 2051 6741 6741 8431 8432 0982 0983 3123 3121 6871 6872 9392 9396646641 7271 7271 8081 80825625626726740940939139118818810210294941 405.31 273.8593.51 166.6756.41 001.4855.91 4941 3401 2051 6741 8432 0983 3121 6872 9396641 7271 80825626740939118810294FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-9.31
-8.53
-8.92
-
Balance, % of imports
-28.85
-17.18
-26.48
-
Normalized balance
-0.169
-0.094
-0.153
-
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
63615877776885916383804855
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
50%Male 50%Female
50%Female 50%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.002 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
17
42
46
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
6.87
5.82
6.41
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
55 000
45 000
49 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
..
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
..
..
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019