General profile: China

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1 425.893 Millions
6.449 CNY/US$
17 298 593 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 9 388 210 km²
0.85 %
8.11 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+29.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
761 953
1 577 754
2 273 468
3 363 835
Merchandise imports
659 953
1 396 247
1 679 566
2 688 634
Merchandise trade balance
102 000
181 507
593 902
675 202
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %95 %95 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
577 125349 442165 823148 847137 905577 125349 442165 823148 847137 905
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
78 469
(e) 178 339
218 634
(e) 392 198
Services imports
83 971
(e) 193 401
435 541
(e) 441 312
Services trade balance
-5 502
(e) -15 063
-216 907
(e) -49 114
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
19.7
19.2
17.7
(e) 32.5
Travel
37.3
25.7
20.6
3.0
Other services
26.0
(e) 41.0
50.8
57.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
126117107103102101100908376706658595849393227201716909993919410010090878684879789949594969998103106
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
2 285 962
6 087 188
11 061 570
17 298 593
GDP per capita, current US$
1 752
4 515
7 937
12 132
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
11.39
10.64
7.04
8.11
Current account balance, % of GDP
5.79
3.91
2.65
1.83
Exchange rate (/US$)
8.194
6.770
6.227
6.449
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
38.416.443.518.515.938.416.443.518.515.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
72 406.00
114 734.00
135 577.00
180 957.00
FDI outflows
12 261.17
68 811.31
145 667.15
145 190.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.03
0.86
0.58
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
59 506.768 398.567 413.663 875.761 000.063 937.662 332.359 491.357 986.661 576.252 459.641 600.447 742.838 395.027 565.2180 957149 342141 225138 305136 315133 711135 577128 502123 911121 073123 985114 73494 065108 31283 52172 71572 40660 63053 50552 74346 87840 715FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
5.20
(e) 3.66
3.25
(e) 2.97
Balance, % of imports
18.31
(e) 15.56
17.95
(e) 16.60
Normalized balance
0.084
(e) 0.072
0.082
(e) 0.077
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3935363838373945474851514558626462
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
63%Urban 63%Rural
37%Rural 37%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
5.078 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
29 793
45 157
78 364
108 481
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
117.90
138.51
164.07
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
131 989 200
193 734 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
30.72
29.12
26.56
25.50
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
25.28
20.40
23.35
23.71
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022