General profile: Peru

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
31.989 Millions
3.287 PEN/US$
222 359 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 280 000 km²
1.32 %
4.00 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
17 368
35 803
34 415
49 068
Merchandise imports
12 502
30 030
37 924
43 262
Merchandise trade balance
4 866
5 773
-3 509
5 806
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
16 %16 %9 %9 %9 %9 %46 %46 %20 %20 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
13 2388 0022 4812 4622 17813 2388 0022 4812 4622 178
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
(e) 2 291
(e) 3 693
(e) 6 236
(e) 7 365
Services imports
3 147
6 044
8 281
(e) 9 902
Services trade balance
(e) -856
(e) -2 351
(e) -2 044
(e) -2 537
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
19.6
23.1
22.1
(e) 21.9
Travel
57.1
54.4
53.1
(e) 53.6
Other services
23.2
22.5
24.9
(e) 24.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
139139129129111111100100104104111111123123120120105105858588889393868667675555434339393535343411211210510599991001001071071131131191191221221141149494979710810810410481817777676766666262626213912911110010411112312010585889386675543393534112105991001071131191221149497108104817767666262
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
76 080
147 528
189 924
222 359
GDP per capita, current US$
2 730
5 082
6 233
6 951
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.29
8.33
3.25
4.00
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.51
-2.42
-5.02
-1.62
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.296
2.825
3.184
3.287
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
64.013.420.924.322.664.013.420.924.322.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
2 578.72
8 454.63
8 271.63
6 175.07
FDI outflows
..
265.89
189.08
19.16
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.89
1.72
1.43
1.46
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3 249.63 249.63 051.23 051.22 883.92 883.92 725.12 725.12 636.52 636.52 707.22 707.22 788.02 788.02 697.02 697.02 533.92 533.92 408.72 408.72 443.62 443.62 130.82 130.81 837.51 837.51 440.11 440.11 130.01 130.0869.0869.0705.0705.0753.0753.0718.0718.06 1756 1756 7696 7696 8636 8638 2728 2724 4414 4419 8009 80011 78811 7887 3417 3418 4558 4556 4316 4316 9246 9245 4915 4913 4673 4672 5792 5791 5991 5991 3351 3352 1562 1561 1441 1448108103 249.63 051.22 883.92 725.12 636.52 707.22 788.02 697.02 533.92 408.72 443.62 130.81 837.51 440.11 130.0869.0705.0753.0718.06 1756 7696 8638 2724 4419 80011 7887 3418 4556 4316 9245 4913 4672 5791 5991 3352 1561 144810FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 6.21
(e) 3.27
(e) -2.42
(e) 2.07
Balance, % of imports
(e) 31.66
(e) 14.02
(e) -10.15
(e) 8.97
Normalized balance
(e) 0.137
(e) 0.065
(e) -0.053
(e) 0.043
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
4847454547495254504757545045
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.032 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
148
318
544
611
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
23.24
31.91
39.39
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 209 267
2 146 665
2 668 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.24
0.08
0.15
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.35
7.50
9.58
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019