General profile: Portugal

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
10.256 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
211 968 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 91 606 km²
0.99 %
2.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
38 150
49 406
55 047
68 490
Merchandise imports
61 184
77 749
66 914
88 575
Merchandise trade balance
-23 034
-28 343
-11 867
-20 084
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %76 %76 %7 %7 %12 %12 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
18 7349 4318 5114 7123 66118 7349 4318 5114 7123 661
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
15 102
22 811
27 893
(e) 37 662
Services imports
9 487
14 251
13 992
(e) 18 271
Services trade balance
5 614
8 560
13 901
(e) 19 391
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
(e) 19.9
25.8
22.7
(e) 21.6
Travel
(e) 50.8
44.1
45.5
(e) 51.3
Other services
(e) 23.8
26.5
28.8
(e) 24.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
108108107107103103100100949491918686848479797272818185857878747472727272707069696868999910010010110110010097979696949495959696989894949797979798981011011021021051051041041051051081071031009491868479728185787472727069689910010110097969495969894979798101102105104105
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
197 300
238 303
199 420
211 968
GDP per capita, current US$
18 775
22 490
19 234
20 667
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.77
1.90
1.82
2.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.90
-10.16
0.12
-0.71
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
65.918.615.340.139.965.918.615.340.139.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
3 463.81
2 424.00
6 926.32
4 894.75
FDI outflows
1 643.75
-9 782.03
5 572.84
270.85
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.55
1.56
2.20
2.25
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4 773.44 773.44 461.14 461.14 433.14 433.14 377.64 377.64 445.84 445.84 455.04 455.03 991.13 991.13 921.73 921.73 726.23 726.23 788.23 788.24 287.84 287.84 161.54 161.53 485.23 485.23 060.53 060.53 302.93 302.93 039.83 039.82 927.52 927.53 647.43 647.43 496.13 496.14 8954 8956 9466 9466 3106 3106 9266 9262 9992 9992 7022 7028 8588 8587 4287 4282 4242 4241 6111 6113 5493 5492 8752 87510 59410 5943 4643 4641 7931 7937 9847 9841 6371 6376 1966 1966 5606 5604 773.44 461.14 433.14 377.64 445.84 455.03 991.13 921.73 726.23 788.24 287.84 161.53 485.23 060.53 302.93 039.82 927.53 647.43 496.14 8956 9466 3106 9262 9992 7028 8587 4282 4241 6113 5492 87510 5943 4641 7937 9841 6376 1966 560FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-8.84
-7.12
1.66
(e) 0.96
Balance, % of imports
-24.73
-19.13
4.21
(e) 1.98
Normalized balance
-0.141
-0.106
0.021
(e) 0.010
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
9895878181797674676172706863
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.008 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 757
1 288
5 249
19 389
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
39.58
46.15
60.24
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 504 728
2 738 700
3 199 200
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
8.44
4.01
2.45
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.78
5.70
4.93
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
2.59
(o) 2.64
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019