General profile: Australia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
24.898 Millions
1.338 AUD/US$
1 439 853 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 7 692 020 km²
1.91 %
2.81 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
106 097
212 634
187 684
257 098
Merchandise imports
125 281
201 639
208 501
235 386
Merchandise trade balance
-19 184
10 995
-20 817
21 712
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
10 %10 %14 %14 %28 %28 %33 %33 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
87 72641 35617 74612 3699 55387 72641 35617 74612 3699 553
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
32 227
51 899
54 694
(e) 69 171
Services imports
33 057
57 709
63 522
(e) 71 851
Services trade balance
-830
-5 810
-8 828
(e) -2 680
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
17.5
11.4
9.3
(e) 8.2
Travel
57.2
62.8
62.6
(e) 65.5
Other services
25.1
25.7
28.0
(e) 26.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
133133124124107107100100108108109109106106114114101101828292927676717162625353474747474646444411911911611610010010010011111111911912312313513512112111011011811810310398988888787871717171707067671331241071001081091061141018292767162534747464411911610010011111912313512111011810398887871717067
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
760 397
1 297 259
1 246 800
1 439 853
GDP per capita, current US$
37 683
58 555
52 097
57 830
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.83
2.45
2.83
2.81
Current account balance, % of GDP
-5.70
-3.45
-4.60
-2.02
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.309
1.090
1.331
1.338
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
56.618.624.421.821.456.618.624.421.821.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
-28 294.65
36 796.43
28 270.06
60 438.13
FDI outflows
-35 783.18
19 803.52
-10 218.69
3 634.91
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.12
0.14
0.17
0.13
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 817.81 817.82 001.92 001.92 055.42 055.42 173.22 173.22 292.12 292.12 389.42 389.42 405.32 405.32 449.32 449.31 864.51 864.51 334.61 334.61 526.01 526.01 341.91 341.91 014.81 014.8940.4940.4824.7824.7651.6651.6465.7465.7486.7486.7518.3518.360 43860 43842 29442 29445 52245 52228 27028 27058 50758 50756 76556 76559 57459 57458 93258 93236 79636 79631 89331 89346 90746 90741 48041 48026 31426 314-28 295-28 29539 61239 6126 3396 33914 24614 2467 8257 82514 19114 1911 817.82 001.92 055.42 173.22 292.12 389.42 405.32 449.31 864.51 334.61 526.01 341.91 014.8940.4824.7651.6465.7486.7518.360 43842 29445 52228 27058 50756 76559 57458 93236 79631 89346 90741 48026 314-28 29539 6126 33914 2467 82514 191FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-1.97
0.43
-2.25
(e) 1.27
Balance, % of imports
-9.71
2.16
-10.37
(e) 5.94
Normalized balance
-0.051
0.011
-0.055
(e) 0.029
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
4442394142414142404046404139
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.114 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 376
2 171
1 903
2 201
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
30.80
32.55
34.11
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 412 164
7 633 532
8 747 113
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.68
0.96
1.40
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.41
10.37
9.99
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
4.64
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019