General profile: Iraq

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
38.434 Millions
1 182.750 IQD/US$
216 616 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 434 128 km²
0.37 %
2.36 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+49.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
23 697
52 483
57 577
95 256
Merchandise imports
23 532
43 915
58 517
53 191
Merchandise trade balance
165
8 567
-940
42 065
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %98 %98 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
21 03920 69210 8728 9674 97921 03920 69210 8728 9674 979
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
355
2 834
5 033
5 571
Services imports
6 095
9 864
17 813
18 000
Services trade balance
-5 739
-7 030
-12 779
-12 430
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
49.7
13.7
6.5
17.4
Travel
47.2
58.6
56.3
35.7
Other services
3.1
27.7
37.2
46.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
159159111111848410010014114114614614614612612691917676105105767659595151414124243232343452521371371091098585100100181181195195199199194194159159129129201201157157146146128128969681817474737381811591118410014114614612691761057659514124323452137109851001811951991941591292011571461289681747381
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
36 268
117 138
161 316
216 616
GDP per capita, current US$
1 347
3 938
4 535
5 636
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.40
5.54
3.83
2.36
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.20
5.54
-1.71
16.28
Exchange rate (/US$)
1 472.000
1 170.000
1 167.333
1 182.750
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
53.223.016.634.723.053.223.016.634.723.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
515.30
1 396.20
-7 574.20
-4 885.10
FDI outflows
88.70
124.90
147.70
188.40
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
0.62
0.53
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 141.61 141.61 088.51 088.5986.4986.41 004.51 004.5729.4729.4727.0-4 885-4 885-5 032-5 032-6 256-6 256-7 574-7 574-10 176-10 176-2 335-2 3353 4003 4001 8821 8821 3961 3961 5981 5981 8561 8569729723833835155153003001 0001 000-0.326-0.326-7-7-0.032-0.0321 141.61 088.5986.41 004.5729.4-4 885-5 032-6 256-7 574-10 176-2 3353 4001 8821 3961 5981 8569723835153001 000-0.326-7-0.032FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-5.64
6.32
-1.11
16.60
Balance, % of imports
-7.83
15.69
-3.08
63.22
Normalized balance
-0.041
0.073
-0.016
0.240
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6962567179808685877810083101138
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
81%Male 81%Female
19%Female 19%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.006 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
210
180
105
107
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
5.42
8.32
21.74
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
..
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
..
..
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019