General profile: Mexico

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
126.191 Millions
19.244 MXN/US$
1 223 356 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 943 950 km²
4.90 %
1.99 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
214 207
298 305
380 550
450 685
Merchandise imports
228 240
310 205
405 282
476 546
Merchandise trade balance
-14 033
-11 900
-24 732
-25 861
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %82 %82 %7 %7 %8 %8 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
344 60214 0657 1947 0704 408344 60214 0657 1947 0704 408
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
15 736
15 489
22 903
(e) 28 562
Services imports
22 804
26 876
32 641
(e) 37 244
Services trade balance
-7 068
-11 387
-9 738
(e) -8 682
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
8.6
6.7
6.2
(e) 7.6
Travel
75.0
77.4
77.4
(e) 78.8
Other services
16.4
15.9
16.3
(e) 13.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
112112106106999910010010110197979595909082826666818182827979717165656161606059596363100100989894941001001161161221221221221271271191191101101241241221221231231191191161161101101071071041041071071121069910010197959082668182797165616059631009894100116122122127119110124122123119116110107104107
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
877 477
1 057 801
1 170 567
1 223 356
GDP per capita, current US$
8 278
9 271
9 606
9 694
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.31
5.12
3.29
1.99
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.03
-0.50
-2.62
-1.77
Exchange rate (/US$)
10.898
12.636
15.848
19.244
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
65.311.723.037.639.465.311.723.037.639.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
26 013.09
27 336.80
35 863.24
31 604.29
FDI outflows
6 469.00
14 372.10
10 632.22
6 858.30
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.59
2.09
2.24
2.91
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
35 658.935 658.932 270.532 270.528 691.028 691.026 233.226 233.224 802.124 802.123 188.823 188.823 208.623 208.623 445.723 445.722 080.322 080.322 075.722 075.726 041.526 041.526 879.926 879.926 542.826 542.822 741.822 741.819 830.019 830.016 620.016 620.011 030.011 030.010 150.010 150.07 522.07 522.031 60431 60432 09132 09130 86530 86535 86335 86329 59129 59148 50448 50421 95821 95825 36625 36627 33727 33718 18718 18729 46629 46632 47732 47721 11621 11626 01326 01324 91024 91018 22418 22424 06024 06030 04230 04218 24918 24935 658.932 270.528 691.026 233.224 802.123 188.823 208.623 445.722 080.322 075.726 041.526 879.926 542.822 741.819 830.016 620.011 030.010 150.07 522.031 60432 09130 86535 86329 59148 50421 95825 36627 33718 18729 46632 47721 11626 01324 91018 22424 06030 04218 249FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-1.70
-1.35
-2.08
(e) -1.84
Balance, % of imports
-6.09
-4.36
-5.68
(e) -4.48
Normalized balance
-0.031
-0.022
-0.029
(e) -0.023
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
8077767165646663615658575654
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
62%Male 62%Female
38%Female 38%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.115 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 325
1 776
1 911
2 206
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
34.87
42.43
46.11
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
3 704 918
5 402 867
6 980 300
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
17.99
20.17
16.19
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
17.14
19.23
16.45
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019