General profile: Mexico

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
128.933 Millions
21.486 MXN/US$
1 065 617 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 943 950 km²
3.40 %
-8.24 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-9.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
214 207
298 305
380 550
417 670
Merchandise imports
228 240
310 205
405 282
393 248
Merchandise trade balance
-14 033
-11 900
-24 732
24 423
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %83 %83 %4 %4 %9 %9 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
330 79411 0467 7866 4654 439330 79411 0467 7866 4654 439
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
15 736
15 489
22 903
(e) 16 974
Services imports
22 804
26 876
32 680
(e) 25 288
Services trade balance
-7 068
-11 387
-9 777
(e) -8 314
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
8.6
6.7
6.2
(e) 11.3
Travel
75.0
77.4
77.4
(e) 65.0
Other services
16.4
15.9
16.3
(e) 23.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
105115112106991001019795908266818279716561605963971011009894100116122122127119110124122123119116110107104107
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-8.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
877 477
1 057 801
1 170 567
1 065 617
GDP per capita, current US$
8 278
9 271
9 606
8 265
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.31
5.12
3.29
-8.24
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.03
-0.46
-2.65
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
10.898
12.636
15.848
21.486
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
65.411.621.439.239.265.411.621.439.239.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
26 034.55
27 130.80
35 351.63
..
FDI outflows
6 469.00
14 372.10
10 663.03
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
2.09
2.24
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
38 520.335 768.432 270.528 691.026 233.224 802.123 188.823 208.623 445.722 080.322 075.726 041.526 879.932 92134 74634 16530 98935 35230 43448 20721 73925 55827 13117 85329 52732 47921 24426 03525 03218 26924 09830 04218 249FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-1.70
-1.35
-2.08
..
Balance, % of imports
-6.09
-4.36
-5.69
..
Normalized balance
-0.031
-0.022
-0.029
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
788077767165646663615658575654
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
62%Male 62%Female
38%Female 38%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.115 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 325
1 776
1 938
2 392
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
32.49
40.66
48.74
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
3 697 918
5 413 121
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
17.99
20.17
16.02
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
17.14
19.23
16.35
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021