General profile: Kenya

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
51.393 Millions
101.302 KES/US$
84 229 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 569 140 km²
4.69 %
5.86 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
3 420
5 169
5 906
6 052
Merchandise imports
5 846
12 093
16 093
17 378
Merchandise trade balance
-2 426
-6 924
-10 187
-11 327
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %28 %28 %4 %4 %5 %5 %13 %13 %47 %47 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
538534498497407538534498497407
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
1 883
3 772
4 638
(e) 5 319
Services imports
1 152
2 089
3 321
(e) 3 691
Services trade balance
731
1 683
1 318
(e) 1 628
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
39.2
43.7
42.1
(e) 37.0
Travel
30.8
21.2
15.6
(e) 19.7
Other services
29.9
34.7
42.0
(e) 42.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
969697971001001001009090858587878181878781818181777771717676676766666363585850509898104104999910010085858686909090909393949484848484878788888888878787879191959596971001009085878187818177717667666358509810499100858690909394848487888887879195
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
21 506
40 000
64 008
84 229
GDP per capita, current US$
587
952
1 337
1 639
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.91
8.40
5.72
5.86
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.17
-5.92
-6.70
(e) -5.70
Exchange rate (/US$)
75.554
79.233
98.178
101.302
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
80.314.319.313.925.580.314.319.313.925.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
21.21
1 197.55
619.72
1 625.92
FDI outflows
9.69
81.05
241.99
164.38
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
2.45
3.23
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 719.72 719.71 962.31 962.31 744.61 744.61 569.31 569.31 440.81 440.81 304.31 304.31 211.01 211.0934.11 6261 6261 2751 2756816816206208218211 1191 1191 3801 3801 4501 4501 1981 1981 4911 4914884881 1081 10851512121464682822828551111112 719.71 962.31 744.61 569.31 440.81 304.31 211.01 6261 2756816208211 1191 3801 4501 1981 4914881 10851214682285111FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-6.53
-11.65
-11.04
(e) -10.23
Balance, % of imports
-20.84
-34.44
-39.99
(e) -42.66
Normalized balance
-0.116
-0.208
-0.250
(e) -0.271
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3839374451545863565058535556
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
16
14
9
9
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
14.78
14.68
21.40
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
695 600
1 076 100
1 300 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.23
1.35
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.11
7.22
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019