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General profile: Bhutan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2022
Exchange rate
Population
Population
Exchange rates
GDP
GDP
0.782 Millions
78.598 BTN/US$
2 473 Millions current US$
Land area¹
Land area
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 38 140 km²
5.94 %
4.09 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2022
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Merchandise exports
258
641
549
724
Merchandise imports
386
854
1 061
1 511
Merchandise trade balance
-128
-212
-511
-788
Export structure by product group in 2022
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %50 %50 %30 %30 %14 %14 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2022
(exports, millions of US$)
5893331171258933311712
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Services exports
42
69
125
22
Services imports
128
140
195
210
Services trade balance
-85
-71
-70
-188
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Transport
-
34.3
20.9
18.2
Travel
-
58.3
74.8
1.1
Other services
-
7.3
4.3
80.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1161121151011021001009386821011109086131906248373331301511051091131059910010210210611711510711810511611410690899183
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2022
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2022
GDP, current
797
1 548
2 004
2 473
GDP per capita, current US$
1 201
2 194
2 696
3 161
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.12
11.94
6.64
4.09
Current account balance, % of GDP
-29.50
-20.87
-27.37
-34.48
Exchange rate (/US$)
44.100
45.726
64.152
78.598
GDP by expenditure in 2021
(as % of total GDP)
52.719.332.828.848.852.719.332.828.848.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2022
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2022
FDI inflows
6.21
26.25
6.49
10.78
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
0.53
0.98
3.88
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
96.073.483.456.758.143.234.319.714.311.818.110.58.34.93.52.91110.61036-7-7623185433261344072693FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Balance, % of GDP
-36.15
-22.27
-24.79
-32.24
Balance, % of imports
-53.10
-36.86
-41.27
-50.20
Normalized balance
-0.361
-0.226
-0.260
-0.335
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
9674857983808795931011091159910211610599100
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2022
(% of population)
Urban
44%Urban 44%Rural
56%Rural 56%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2022
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2022
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
..
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2022
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.94
11.35
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.29
2.49
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 21 December 2023