General profile: Hungary

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
9.708 Millions
270.212 HUF/US$
155 642 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 90 530 km²
2.85 %
4.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
62 936
95 483
98 524
125 795
Merchandise imports
66 552
88 178
91 973
121 682
Merchandise trade balance
-3 616
7 305
6 551
4 113
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %87 %87 %8 %8 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
33 8036 4236 4136 3615 86033 8036 4236 4136 3615 860
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
12 642
19 411
22 445
(e) 29 204
Services imports
11 535
15 906
16 983
(e) 20 190
Services trade balance
1 107
3 505
5 463
(e) 9 014
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
(e) 17.2
20.1
24.1
(e) 25.6
Travel
(e) 32.6
29.0
23.7
(e) 23.4
Other services
(e) 39.7
44.4
42.3
(e) 41.0
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
114114111111105105100100949490908888909084847373858583837272636357574949464642423838102102102102101101100100999999999797979796969494929293939393969698989999989898989999114111105100949088908473858372635749464238102102101100999997979694929393969899989899
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
113 035
130 923
123 074
155 642
GDP per capita, current US$
11 207
13 188
12 587
16 033
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.39
0.66
3.54
4.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-6.97
0.26
2.73
0.40
Exchange rate (/US$)
199.583
207.944
279.333
270.212
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
49.520.222.788.280.749.520.222.788.280.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
7 708.96
2 192.81
-14 797.35
6 389.34
FDI outflows
2 170.83
1 171.97
-16 118.78
1 990.80
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.69
1.58
3.76
3.03
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4 715.34 715.34 856.14 856.14 880.64 880.64 631.74 631.74 767.74 767.74 598.94 598.93 529.93 529.92 785.12 785.12 069.12 069.11 747.51 747.52 522.22 522.22 308.82 308.82 073.42 073.41 913.01 913.01 722.06 3896 3893 2613 261-5 753-5 753-14 797-14 7977 8077 8073 4023 40214 40914 4096 3006 3002 1932 1931 9951 9956 3276 3273 9513 9516 8186 8187 7097 7094 2664 2662 1372 1372 9942 9943 9363 9362 7642 7644 715.34 856.14 880.64 631.74 767.74 598.93 529.92 785.12 069.11 747.52 522.22 308.82 073.41 913.06 3893 261-5 753-14 7977 8073 40214 4096 3002 1931 9956 3273 9516 8187 7094 2662 1372 9943 9362 764FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-1.21
5.32
8.09
(e) 4.73
Balance, % of imports
-1.88
6.97
10.01
(e) 5.80
Normalized balance
-0.009
0.034
0.048
(e) 0.028
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
168169169170169164166167158145159152146128
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
..
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
25.60
25.59
11.62
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
18.75
21.20
12.58
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 6.17
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019