General profile: Sri Lanka

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
21.413 Millions
185.593 LKR/US$
80 668 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 62 710 km²
4.56 %
-3.60 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-15.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
6 347
8 602
10 547
10 137
Merchandise imports
8 834
13 512
18 935
15 993
Merchandise trade balance
-2 487
-4 909
-8 388
-5 857
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %65 %65 %27 %27 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
2 6589566546124772 658956654612477
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
1 540
2 474
6 397
(e) 3 035
Services imports
(e) 2 886
(e) 4 323
(e) 5 965
(e) 3 984
Services trade balance
(e) -1 346
(e) -1 849
(e) 431
(e) -949
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
43.7
46.9
32.9
(e) 38.7
Travel
27.9
23.3
46.6
(e) 22.5
Other services
28.4
29.8
20.5
(e) 38.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
11111911311210310094847476787573807375737056555810610410610510410098948991100102879898104108111929391
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
27 932
56 726
80 604
80 668
GDP per capita, current US$
1 429
2 800
3 855
3 767
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.24
8.02
5.01
-3.60
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.33
-1.90
-2.34
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
100.498
113.064
135.857
185.593
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
69.39.427.423.129.269.39.427.423.129.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
272.00
477.60
679.66
..
FDI outflows
38.00
42.50
52.99
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
7.07
7.27
8.68
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 747.27 043.07 190.37 261.96 999.77 036.36 422.25 999.65 153.04 123.13 336.72 924.52 507.32 166.87581 6141 37389768089493394195647840475260348027222319919282175FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
(e) -10.66
(e) -9.39
(e) -9.82
..
Balance, % of imports
(e) -27.40
(e) -32.44
(e) -31.84
..
Normalized balance
(e) -0.159
(e) -0.194
(e) -0.189
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
515552515253515458494558636567
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
66%Male 66%Female
34%Female 34%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.019 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
196
239
249
395
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
36.75
46.91
63.51
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
4 100 000
5 185 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.09
0.46
0.35
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.88
2.95
4.22
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021