General profile: Netherlands

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
17.135 Millions
0.876 EUR/US$
910 856 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 33 690 km²
1.12 %
-3.73 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
406 372
574 251
570 442
674 475
Merchandise imports
363 822
516 409
512 105
596 746
Merchandise trade balance
42 550
57 842
58 337
77 729
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %69 %69 %9 %9 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
155 80173 30558 99953 41833 337155 80173 30558 99953 41833 337
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
-
161 664
197 861
186 644
Services imports
-
136 034
213 441
169 252
Services trade balance
-
25 630
-15 579
17 392
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
-
(e) 19.2
17.9
19.5
Travel
-
(e) 9.3
7.0
4.8
Other services
-
(e) 65.6
70.9
70.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1111151131101041009694949292849492878276716867641001001001001011009998979898101100102102103105106106108107
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
685 076
846 555
765 265
910 856
GDP per capita, current US$
41 857
50 744
45 179
53 158
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.05
1.34
1.96
-3.73
Current account balance, % of GDP
6.07
7.30
6.34
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.876
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
43.824.521.383.372.943.824.521.383.372.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
39 047.16
-7 184.47
178 989.90
..
FDI outflows
119 688.35
68 358.18
247 736.60
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.18
0.20
0.30
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 352.52 492.12 226.52 159.92 299.21 482.61 618.61 640.11 788.71 720.11 713.11 649.11 630.21 552.61 259.32 163.02 025.01 215.01 358.01 158.084 216114 30660 47830 698178 99045 03451 11925 01324 156-7 18438 752-6 776114 16113 97839 04712 45232 90025 03851 92763 855FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-
(e) 9.89
7.45
..
Balance, % of imports
-
(e) 14.99
9.43
..
Normalized balance
-
(e) 0.070
0.045
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
170170168157166162160161153142127142140137
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.340 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 940
7 252
8 516
7 047
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
80.02
81.17
91.76
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
11 410 060
12 407 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.78
12.46
10.65
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
18.74
14.54
13.08
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 6.15
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021