General profile: Spain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
46.693 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
1 424 996 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 499 564 km²
1.68 %
2.56 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
192 644
254 418
282 273
345 166
Merchandise imports
288 786
327 016
311 851
388 044
Merchandise trade balance
-96 141
-72 598
-29 578
-42 878
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %71 %71 %7 %7 %4 %4 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
50 66336 28026 77124 81922 29150 66336 28026 77124 81922 291
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
92 174
113 151
118 086
(e) 149 167
Services imports
61 340
68 218
65 391
(e) 85 391
Services trade balance
30 834
44 932
52 695
(e) 63 776
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
-
-
13.1
(e) 12.9
Travel
-
48.2
47.9
(e) 48.8
Other services
-
-
(e) 35.4
(e) 34.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
105105106106105105100100939390908585858582827676818184848080777778787676737371716969989810010010110110010096969797969698981021021051051001001041041031031041041071071081081081081081081081081051061051009390858582768184807778767371699810010110096979698102105100104103104107108108108108
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.6 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
1 157 248
1 431 617
1 199 084
1 424 996
GDP per capita, current US$
26 290
30 505
25 692
30 518
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.72
0.01
3.64
2.56
Current account balance, % of GDP
-7.52
-3.94
1.15
0.90
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
57.518.521.134.331.457.518.521.134.331.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
25 020.18
39 872.51
11 911.60
43 590.89
FDI outflows
41 829.47
37 843.80
40 263.31
31 620.35
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.58
0.61
0.86
0.86
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
12 301.112 301.110 641.110 641.110 264.410 264.410 305.210 305.210 720.210 720.210 641.210 641.29 714.99 714.99 655.19 655.18 686.88 686.88 583.28 583.29 741.89 741.88 963.48 963.47 352.17 352.16 661.76 661.77 540.07 540.06 568.06 568.05 584.05 584.05 099.05 099.04 862.04 862.043 59143 59120 91820 91827 65827 65811 91211 91225 23925 23937 43637 43625 69625 69628 37928 37939 87339 87310 40710 40776 99376 99364 26464 26430 80230 80225 02025 02024 76124 76125 81925 81939 22339 22328 40828 40839 57539 57512 301.110 641.110 264.410 305.210 720.210 641.29 714.99 655.18 686.88 583.29 741.88 963.47 352.16 661.77 540.06 568.05 584.05 099.04 862.043 59120 91827 65811 91225 23937 43625 69628 37939 87310 40776 99364 26430 80225 02024 76125 81939 22328 40839 575FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-4.97
-1.28
2.40
(e) 1.88
Balance, % of imports
-16.77
-4.78
7.83
(e) 5.81
Normalized balance
-0.092
-0.025
0.038
(e) 0.028
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6766636463616058524756575654
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.100 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 655
2 555
1 836
1 923
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
77.71
82.11
86.40
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
12 604 419
14 326 512
17 189 759
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.73
2.19
1.26
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.23
6.68
4.98
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 3.94
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019