General profile: Syrian Arab Republic

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
16.945 Millions
436.500 SYP/US$
19 513 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 183 630 km²
3.42 %
10.11 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
8 708
12 796
(e) 1 600
(e) 2 000
Merchandise imports
10 862
17 562
(e) 5 500
(e) 6 400
Merchandise trade balance
-2 154
-4 765
(e) -3 900
(e) -4 400
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %32 %32 %11 %11 %54 %54 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
1 321997155491 32199715549
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
2 910
7 333
-
-
Services imports
2 359
3 533
-
-
Services trade balance
551
3 800
-
-
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
7.5
7.2
-
-
Travel
66.8
84.4
-
-
Other services
25.7
8.4
-
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
116116110110110110100100125125161161209209563563772772708708926926818818839839725725667667584584719719574574485485989899999999100100969697979797969690908585929291918888848472726666636362626767116110110100125161209563772708926818839725667584719574485989999100969797969085929188847266636267
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
28 397
60 465
19 090
19 513
GDP per capita, current US$
1 547
2 830
1 061
1 152
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.22
3.44
-6.13
10.11
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.05
-0.61
-15.48
-10.15
Exchange rate (/US$)
53.049
46.172
237.029
436.500
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
59.712.128.632.332.659.712.128.632.332.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
583.00
1 469.20
..
..
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.90
2.68
8.50
8.32
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 349.91 349.91 325.01 325.01 030.41 030.4795.0795.0823.0823.0855.0855.0889.08048041 4691 4692 5702 5701 4661 4661 2421 2426596595835833203201601601151151101102702701 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 622.51 349.91 325.01 030.4795.0823.0855.08041 4692 5701 4661 242659583320160115110270FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
1.45
0.33
-
-
Balance, % of imports
3.70
1.01
-
-
Normalized balance
0.018
0.005
-
-
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
56656074777680
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
83%Male 83%Female
17%Female 17%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.003 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
649
344
60
60
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
13.16
16.40
9.39
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
630 427
105 000
105 747
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.00
0.02
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
3.29
2.22
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019