General profile: Colombia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
49.661 Millions
2 955.704 COP/US$
330 544 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 109 500 km²
3.24 %
2.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+13.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
21 190
39 713
35 691
41 774
Merchandise imports
21 204
40 486
54 058
51 233
Merchandise trade balance
-14
-772
-18 367
-9 459
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %20 %20 %58 %58 %4 %4 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
11 3254 0563 0701 8521 69111 3254 0563 0701 8521 691
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
2 995
5 121
7 426
(e) 9 308
Services imports
5 319
9 639
12 203
(e) 13 324
Services trade balance
-2 323
-4 518
-4 776
(e) -4 016
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
26.3
22.3
21.6
(e) 19.1
Travel
51.4
54.6
57.2
(e) 59.6
Other services
22.3
22.8
20.9
(e) 21.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
125125116116101101100100132132138138140140136136104104878792928585747468685454454541414040404012712711711710010010010013213214414415515516516514314312312313113112312311811811311399998989868686868989125116101100132138140136104879285746854454140401271171001001321441551651431231311231181139989868689
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
146 566
287 018
291 520
330 544
GDP per capita, current US$
3 437
6 347
6 135
6 656
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.71
3.97
3.05
2.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.29
-3.04
-6.37
-3.91
Exchange rate (/US$)
2 320.834
1 898.570
2 741.881
2 955.704
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
62.919.123.414.820.162.919.123.414.820.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
10 235.42
6 429.77
11 723.22
11 009.86
FDI outflows
4 795.52
5 482.66
4 217.74
5 121.76
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.28
1.40
1.61
1.94
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 410.96 410.95 531.45 531.44 895.54 895.54 679.74 679.74 165.74 165.74 449.84 449.84 018.74 018.74 101.34 101.34 030.84 030.84 124.94 124.94 826.94 826.94 460.24 460.23 899.23 899.23 345.63 345.63 189.83 189.83 075.93 075.92 476.22 476.22 055.02 055.01 612.11 612.111 01011 01013 83613 83613 85013 85011 72311 72316 16716 16716 20916 20915 03915 03914 64714 6476 4306 4308 0358 03510 56410 5648 8868 8866 7516 75110 23510 2353 1163 1161 7201 7202 1342 1342 5422 5422 4362 4366 410.95 531.44 895.54 679.74 165.74 449.84 018.74 101.34 030.84 124.94 826.94 460.23 899.23 345.63 189.83 075.92 476.22 055.01 612.111 01013 83613 85011 72316 16716 20915 03914 6476 4308 03510 5648 8866 75110 2353 1161 7202 1342 5422 436FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-0.48
-0.75
-6.26
(e) -2.79
Balance, % of imports
-2.79
-4.50
-28.41
(e) -14.67
Normalized balance
-0.014
-0.023
-0.166
(e) -0.079
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3534343837363738333336353734
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
56%Male 56%Female
44%Female 44%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.005 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
100
109
101
88
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
29.17
42.86
48.49
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 440 561
3 659 300
4 125 200
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.25
0.15
0.24
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.04
9.63
9.33
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019