General profile: Colombia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
50.883 Millions
3 694.854 COP/US$
271 799 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 109 500 km²
2.52 %
-6.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-21.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
21 190
39 713
35 691
31 008
Merchandise imports
21 204
40 486
54 058
43 489
Merchandise trade balance
-14
-772
-18 367
-12 481
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %24 %24 %49 %49 %5 %5 %16 %16 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
9 3724 8171 7291 4861 2999 3724 8171 7291 4861 299
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
2 995
5 121
7 426
(e) 5 107
Services imports
5 319
9 641
12 214
(e) 9 199
Services trade balance
-2 323
-4 520
-4 788
(e) -4 092
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
26.3
22.3
21.6
(e) 22.0
Travel
51.4
54.6
57.2
(e) 31.0
Other services
22.3
22.8
20.9
(e) 46.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
102124124115101100133139142137105889386756954454141401051251271169910013314615716614512513212511911410190878790
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
145 619
286 563
293 482
271 799
GDP per capita, current US$
3 414
6 337
6 176
5 342
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.71
4.49
2.96
-6.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.30
-3.05
-6.33
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
2 320.834
1 898.570
2 741.881
3 694.854
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
68.515.522.315.922.268.515.522.315.922.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
10 235.00
6 430.00
11 724.00
..
FDI outflows
4 796.00
5 483.00
4 218.00
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.30
1.41
1.59
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
6 784.46 364.35 546.54 913.34 679.74 165.74 449.84 018.74 101.34 030.84 124.94 826.94 460.23 899.23 345.63 189.83 075.92 476.22 055.01 612.114 49311 53513 83713 84811 72416 16916 21015 04014 6476 4308 03510 5648 8866 75110 2353 1161 7202 1342 5422 436FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-0.49
-0.76
-6.22
..
Balance, % of imports
-2.79
-4.50
-28.42
..
Normalized balance
-0.014
-0.023
-0.166
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
373534343837363738333437353735
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.005 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
100
109
105
99
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
29.32
40.48
48.23
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 447 727
3 577 704
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.25
0.15
0.24
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.04
9.63
9.33
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021