General profile: Belgium

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
11.482 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
532 491 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 30 280 km²
2.05 %
1.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+8.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
334 400
407 692
396 841
466 724
Merchandise imports
318 700
391 177
375 530
450 075
Merchandise trade balance
15 700
16 515
21 311
16 648
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %73 %73 %9 %9 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
82 90667 37256 99537 16724 28182 90667 37256 99537 16724 281
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
59 226
98 342
113 418
(e) 123 405
Services imports
54 136
87 616
107 049
(e) 128 904
Services trade balance
5 091
10 727
6 368
(e) -5 499
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
-
27.1
21.3
(e) 21.7
Travel
-
11.6
10.6
(e) 10.9
Other services
-
55.6
63.0
(e) 63.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
103103104104105105100100989895959393959593938787969610110195959191909084848484777775759898100100101101100100999998989898999910110110310310110110410410310310310310510510610610610610510510510510310410510098959395938796101959190848477759810010110099989899101103101104103103105106106105105
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
387 356
483 548
455 838
532 491
GDP per capita, current US$
36 727
44 205
40 383
46 375
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.09
2.74
1.72
1.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.99
1.65
-1.03
-1.28
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
51.023.324.685.884.651.023.324.685.884.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
34 370.49
43 230.54
23 533.26
4 872.58
FDI outflows
32 658.06
-8 312.09
39 888.65
6 909.90
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.78
2.14
2.19
2.15
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
11 449.811 449.810 650.910 650.910 234.310 234.39 966.49 966.411 426.711 426.711 223.711 223.710 625.810 625.811 065.611 065.610 350.510 350.510 638.410 638.410 479.610 479.68 993.48 993.47 266.07 266.06 887.76 887.76 866.76 866.75 986.05 986.04 673.54 8734 873-5 763-5 76350 98750 98723 53323 533-12 390-12 39025 12525 1256 5166 51678 25878 25843 23143 23160 96260 962-13 857-13 85793 43193 43158 89358 89334 37034 37043 55843 55833 47633 47616 25116 25188 20388 20388 73988 73911 449.810 650.910 234.39 966.411 426.711 223.710 625.811 065.610 350.510 638.410 479.68 993.47 266.06 887.76 866.75 986.04 873-5 76350 98723 533-12 39025 1256 51678 25843 23160 962-13 85793 43158 89334 37043 55833 47616 25188 20388 739FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
2.44
1.28
1.17
(e) -0.91
Balance, % of imports
3.40
1.70
1.47
(e) -1.03
Normalized balance
0.017
0.008
0.007
(e) -0.005
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
176170164160164163164163152136159153149146
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.442 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
6 815
6 575
8 658
8 498
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
83.87
85.81
87.51
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
11 055 745
11 237 600
12 682 100
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.86
2.33
2.08
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.64
3.53
2.96
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 5.71
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019