General profile: Bulgaria

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
6.948 Millions
1.716 BGN/US$
67 582 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 108 560 km²
1.22 %
-4.19 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
11 739
20 630
25 371
31 826
Merchandise imports
18 163
25 513
29 205
34 829
Merchandise trade balance
-6 424
-4 883
-3 834
-3 003
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %62 %62 %5 %5 %15 %15 %17 %17 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
5 1252 9052 1962 1292 0475 1252 9052 1962 1292 047
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
4 434
6 632
8 110
8 121
Services imports
3 407
3 411
4 695
4 737
Services trade balance
1 026
3 220
3 415
3 384
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
(e) 27.5
19.7
21.1
20.6
Travel
(e) 55.2
51.4
38.8
20.0
Other services
(e) 17.3
19.4
35.3
53.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
117119115117109100919081827058666258494341373331103999899101100969596969796949492878690908889
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
29 869
50 364
50 631
67 582
GDP per capita, current US$
3 886
6 783
7 032
9 726
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.15
0.57
3.99
-4.19
Current account balance, % of GDP
-11.21
-1.92
0.12
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.574
1.477
1.764
1.716
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
59.517.519.563.660.159.517.519.563.660.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
3 919.97
1 549.13
2 220.02
..
FDI outflows
309.78
313.24
166.98
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
5.40
2.65
2.95
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 316.42 395.42 193.61 665.61 494.71 684.71 667.01 448.91 483.21 332.91 591.81 918.71 693.61 716.41 612.91 726.01 721.01 177.01 2231 2141 8291 0262 2204621 8381 6972 0521 5493 3859 85512 3897 8053 9203 3972 0899228081 016FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-
-3.04
1.00
..
Balance, % of imports
-
-5.68
1.58
..
Normalized balance
-
-0.029
0.008
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
125129130123127130130125118104101136143
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.007 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 151
697
152
152
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
5.79
9.74
8.07
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
166 927
201 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.52
2.47
2.90
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.51
5.64
5.15
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 3.59
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021