General profile: Malaysia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
31.528 Millions
4.035 MYR/US$
354 268 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 328 550 km²
0.88 %
4.70 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+13.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
141 626
198 612
199 952
247 455
Merchandise imports
114 324
164 622
175 971
217 602
Merchandise trade balance
27 301
33 990
23 981
29 853
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %69 %69 %16 %16 %4 %4 %9 %9 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
34 47134 41422 52518 48317 11034 47134 41422 52518 48317 110
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
19 750
34 676
34 937
(e) 39 641
Services imports
21 956
32 645
40 169
(e) 44 550
Services trade balance
-2 206
2 032
-5 232
(e) -4 909
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
20.5
14.1
12.0
(e) 12.7
Travel
44.8
52.3
50.6
(e) 48.3
Other services
33.8
25.5
30.2
(e) 30.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
117117112112999910010097979292909091918888787810310310110198989090848474746767616165659797989897971001001031031031031051051061061001009898112112105105105105105105104104104104103103103103103103117112991009792909188781031019890847467616597989710010310310510610098112105105105104104103103103
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
143 534
255 018
296 636
354 268
GDP per capita, current US$
5 587
9 041
9 799
11 237
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.33
7.42
5.09
4.70
Current account balance, % of GDP
13.92
10.06
3.06
2.14
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.787
3.221
3.906
4.035
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
55.312.225.671.464.455.312.225.671.464.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
4 065.31
9 060.04
10 082.34
8 090.98
FDI outflows
3 075.50
13 399.08
10 545.85
5 280.29
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.78
0.43
0.55
0.47
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 662.81 662.81 647.91 647.91 603.91 603.91 643.71 643.71 579.51 579.51 423.41 423.41 293.81 293.81 211.51 211.51 102.91 102.91 130.91 130.91 329.11 329.11 556.21 556.21 365.51 365.51 117.08 0918 0919 3999 39911 33611 33610 08210 08210 87710 87712 11512 1159 2399 23912 19812 1989 0609 0601 4531 4537 1727 1728 5958 5956 0606 0604 0654 0654 6244 6242 4732 4733 2033 2035545543 7883 7881 662.81 647.91 603.91 643.71 579.51 423.41 293.81 211.51 102.91 130.91 329.11 556.21 365.58 0919 39911 33610 08210 87712 1159 23912 1989 0601 4537 1728 5956 0604 0654 6242 4733 2035543 788FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
22.07
16.07
8.52
(e) 7.65
Balance, % of imports
24.48
22.75
13.74
(e) 12.40
Normalized balance
0.109
0.102
0.064
(e) 0.058
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
131134128133137142147154157162176191201202
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
64%Male 64%Female
36%Female 36%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.532 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
8 708
10 225
9 474
10 231
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
72.29
92.21
93.64
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
18 141 919
24 259 700
24 956 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
43.39
34.01
30.05
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
38.04
29.80
24.01
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
7.27
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019