General profile: Egypt

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
102.334 Millions
15.759 EGP/US$
358 277 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 995 450 km²
5.70 %
0.47 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-9.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
12 912
26 438
21 349
26 118
Merchandise imports
22 449
52 923
63 574
60 701
Merchandise trade balance
-9 537
-26 485
-42 225
-34 583
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
11 %11 %47 %47 %20 %20 %4 %4 %18 %18 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
2 4471 8521 7381 5811 5112 4471 8521 7381 5811 511
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
14 643
23 807
18 539
15 053
Services imports
10 508
14 718
17 519
18 199
Services trade balance
4 135
9 089
1 020
-3 147
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
32.4
33.3
52.5
47.4
Travel
46.8
52.6
32.7
29.2
Other services
20.8
14.1
14.8
23.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
116129120119126100110117117118118111115979477625242374010310410610310210010310410510296941029093857367656669
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
94 456
214 630
317 745
358 277
GDP per capita, current US$
1 251
2 593
3 437
3 501
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.47
5.15
4.37
0.47
Current account balance, % of GDP
2.23
-2.10
-5.43
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
5.779
5.622
7.691
15.759
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
82.67.718.017.525.882.67.718.017.525.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
5 375.60
6 385.60
6 925.20
..
FDI outflows
92.00
1 175.50
181.70
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
5.31
5.80
5.77
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
26 791.525 515.724 737.418 590.418 325.419 570.417 833.119 236.414 324.312 453.17 149.68 694.07 655.85 329.55 017.33 340.02 960.02 890.02 910.02 850.09 0108 1417 4098 1076 9254 6124 2566 031-4836 3866 7129 49511 57810 0435 3762 1572376475101 235FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-3.82
-5.14
-9.56
..
Balance, % of imports
-10.52
-18.43
-44.70
..
Normalized balance
-0.056
-0.101
-0.288
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
415158383340414247515274747269
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
74%Male 74%Female
26%Female 26%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.079 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 644
1 518
1 535
1 629
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
45.39
57.03
60.59
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 833 009
7 185 300
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.13
0.14
3.70
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.41
3.75
4.47
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021