General profile: Zambia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
18.384 Millions
18.344 ZMK/US$
18 471 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 743 390 km²
16.35 %
-2.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
1 810
7 200
6 607
7 805
Merchandise imports
2 558
5 321
7 935
5 316
Merchandise trade balance
-748
1 879
-1 329
2 489
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %10 %10 %76 %76 %8 %8 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
2 3981 7406866546232 3981 740686654623
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
549
571
862
554
Services imports
412
888
1 432
1 188
Services trade balance
137
-317
-571
-634
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
2.5
7.8
5.1
8.3
Travel
81.3
86.1
76.6
74.3
Other services
16.2
6.0
18.3
17.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
10999124118102100128137119113103697274653533232425221021001031089710010510811312211896105115115787160586063
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-2.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
8 332
20 265
20 859
18 471
GDP per capita, current US$
703
1 489
1 314
1 005
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.24
10.30
2.92
-2.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
-2.78
7.53
-3.68
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
4.465
4.798
8.632
18.344
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
46.813.937.236.433.846.813.937.236.433.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
356.94
1 729.30
1 304.90
..
FDI outflows
..
1 095.40
125.10
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.63
0.22
0.23
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
128.3107.093.638.547.058.354.072.946.343.741.368.259.357.77534081 1086631 3051 4892 1001 7321 1091 7296959391 324616357364347298145122FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
2.98
11.58
-3.82
..
Balance, % of imports
9.64
41.92
-8.99
..
Normalized balance
0.046
0.173
-0.047
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
667368718179847969675861696065
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
0
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.04
0.04
0.50
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.73
2.35
2.80
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021