General profile: Brazil

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
209.469 Millions
3.654 BRL/US$
1 870 048 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 8 358 140 km²
3.66 %
1.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+10.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
118 529
201 915
191 134
239 889
Merchandise imports
77 628
191 537
179 091
188 564
Merchandise trade balance
40 901
10 378
12 043
51 325
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %35 %35 %12 %12 %12 %12 %5 %5 %34 %34 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
64 20629 17014 95113 0686 38964 20629 17014 95113 0686 389
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
(e) 15 442
30 672
33 808
34 023
Services imports
23 471
60 828
70 723
67 975
Services trade balance
(e) -8 029
-30 156
-36 915
-33 952
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
20.4
16.1
14.7
17.3
Travel
25.0
17.2
17.3
17.4
Other services
54.6
66.7
66.7
64.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
123123120120106106100100104104109109108108115115104104828294949393868679797272606053534949454510710710910910310310010011211211611611911912612611711710110110310310010098989393929291919393949494941231201061001041091081151048294938679726053494510710910310011211611912611710110310098939291939494
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
891 634
2 208 838
1 802 212
1 870 048
GDP per capita, current US$
4 790
11 286
8 814
8 928
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.20
7.53
-3.77
1.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.57
-3.58
-3.02
-0.80
Exchange rate (/US$)
2.434
1.759
3.327
3.654
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
63.420.015.512.611.663.420.015.512.611.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
15 066.29
77 686.85
49 514.27
61 223.01
FDI outflows
2 516.70
22 059.93
-7 685.81
-13 035.52
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.31
0.14
0.16
0.16
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 933.62 933.62 698.82 698.82 739.82 739.82 896.92 896.92 647.92 647.92 717.72 717.72 784.12 784.13 214.63 214.63 082.83 082.82 889.22 889.23 642.63 642.63 305.73 305.73 287.23 287.22 805.42 805.43 577.03 577.02 824.02 824.02 448.02 448.01 776.01 776.01 647.01 647.061 22361 22367 58367 58352 75152 75149 51449 51463 84663 84659 08959 08982 06082 06097 42297 42277 68777 68725 94925 94945 05845 05834 58534 58518 82218 82215 06615 06618 14618 14610 14410 14416 59016 59022 45722 45732 77932 7792 933.62 698.82 739.82 896.92 647.92 717.72 784.13 214.63 082.82 889.23 642.63 305.73 287.22 805.43 577.02 824.02 448.01 776.01 647.061 22367 58352 75149 51463 84659 08982 06097 42277 68725 94945 05834 58518 82215 06618 14610 14416 59022 45732 779FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 3.97
-0.53
-1.07
1.05
Balance, % of imports
(e) 36.01
-4.79
-7.92
7.75
Normalized balance
(e) 0.153
-0.025
-0.041
0.037
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
2823232624242423222127252526
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.251 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
4 021
3 407
3 952
4 826
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
33.67
37.49
35.52
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
7 464 882
10 300 068
10 312 431
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.12
1.01
0.45
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
12.10
9.41
8.41
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019