General profile: Brazil

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
212.559 Millions
5.155 BRL/US$
1 421 311 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 8 358 140 km²
3.21 %
-4.08 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
118 529
201 915
191 134
209 878
Merchandise imports
77 628
191 537
179 091
166 276
Merchandise trade balance
40 901
10 378
12 043
43 602
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %29 %29 %9 %9 %18 %18 %5 %5 %37 %37 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
67 94121 5388 4447 4074 19467 94121 5388 4447 4074 194
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
15 297
30 662
33 772
28 471
Services imports
23 180
60 908
70 822
49 104
Services trade balance
-7 883
-30 246
-37 050
-20 633
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
20.5
16.1
14.6
17.8
Travel
25.2
17.2
17.3
10.7
Other services
54.2
66.7
66.8
67.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1231211231201061001041091081151048294938679726053494510910710710910310011211611912611710110310098939291939494
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
891 634
2 208 838
1 802 212
1 421 311
GDP per capita, current US$
4 790
11 286
8 814
6 687
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.20
7.53
-3.55
-4.08
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.57
-3.58
-3.02
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
2.434
1.759
3.327
5.155
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
64.920.315.114.314.764.920.315.114.314.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
15 066.29
77 686.85
49 961.37
..
FDI outflows
2 516.70
22 059.93
-11 642.81
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.31
0.14
0.16
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3 294.32 933.52 698.82 739.82 896.92 647.92 717.72 784.13 214.63 082.82 889.23 642.63 305.73 287.22 805.43 577.02 824.02 448.01 776.01 647.071 98959 80266 58553 70049 96163 84659 08982 06097 42277 68725 94945 05834 58518 82215 06618 14610 14416 59022 45732 779FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 3.97
-0.53
-1.07
..
Balance, % of imports
(e) 36.01
-4.79
-7.92
..
Normalized balance
(e) 0.153
-0.025
-0.041
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
282923232624242423222127252526
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.272 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
4 021
3 407
3 974
5 638
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
30.18
36.03
36.02
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 957 713
9 701 401
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.12
1.01
0.45
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
12.10
9.41
8.41
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021