Maritime profile: Turkey

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2019
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
83.430 Millions
762 617 Millions current US$
391 178 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 769 630 Km²
0.87 %
92 938 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2019
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
10.6 m/km²
146 931 GT
1 094 811 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
7 547 Thousands DWT
1 235 ships
27 708 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
11 679 100 TEU
38 985
200 494
WORLD SHARES FOR 2019
1.08 %0.50 %0.87 %0.96 %1.09 %0.38 %0.42 %1.41 %1.17 %0.22 %8.96 %2.40 %2.34 %1.44 %2.32 %1.33 %4.52 %1.58 %1.33 %1.04 %1.08 %0.50 %0.87 %0.96 %1.09 %0.38 %0.42 %1.41 %1.17 %0.22 %8.96 %2.40 %2.34 %1.44 %2.32 %1.33 %4.52 %1.58 %1.33 %1.04 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2019
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
150 982
180 833
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
213 619
210 345
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-62 637
-29 512
Export structure by product group in 2019
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %79 %79 %5 %5 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2019
(exports, millions of US$)
16 61811 27910 2249 7538 97916 61811 27910 2249 7538 979
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.7 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2019
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport
18.2
25.8
35.5
39.0
Travel
69.0
62.0
48.0
46.0
Other services
12.8
12.2
14.3
12.9
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport services exports
5 076
9 417
19 689
25 325
Transport services imports
5 146
8 078
5 274
7 897
Transport services trade balance
-70
1 339
14 415
17 428
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.4 %
Fleet growth rate in2019
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Total fleet
7 048.0
7 878.0
8 557.0
7 547.3
Oil tankers
959.0
1 693.6
1 295.2
1 646.1
Bulk carriers
4 087.0
3 357.7
4 235.3
2 673.2
General cargo
1 565.0
2 011.5
1 610.4
1 304.3
Container ships
290.0
572.9
749.1
1 208.0
Other types of ships
147.0
242.3
667.1
715.8
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
63954361571246335638560122611504077812057151441821195524344288116
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2019¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.4380.4060.4020.3930.3920.3890.3860.3820.3680.3420.4380.4060.4020.3930.3920.3890.3860.3820.3680.342
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
57.757.357.555.255.656.156.357.156.755.652.957.355.851.951.550.951.355.055.152.355.354.651.051.551.050.951.350.851.150.149.048.347.448.543.539.638.936.836.236.137.337.531.934.335.035.435.936.134.633.933.332.934.133.829.829.8
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2019
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
200 494
1.18
24
5 465
15 712
3 130
176 490
Liquid bulk carriers
6 977
1.16
13
18 665
32 407
..
170 004
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
736
1.29
15
17 965
20 804
..
48 963
Liquefied natural gas carriers
127
1.26
11
111 566
90 060
..
137 535
Dry bulk carriers
4 395
3.57
15
24 756
42 515
..
96 452
Dry breakbulk carriers
20 211
1.48
27
3 976
5 564
..
45 349
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
5 838
..
27
20 546
8 454
..
77 000
Container ships
11 011
0.63
16
34 599
..
3 130
176 490
Passenger ships
151 199
..
25
1 640
..
..
99 836
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2019¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
37.236.937.134.734.434.434.434.333.932.829.534.533.028.828.828.628.43.13.13.03.03.13.13.73.04.34.338.838.938.435.535.535.335.335.335.635.933.737.836.832.434.132.933.436.936.833.422.422.521.519.920.419.619.118.519.316.516.916.24.34.44.44.43.23.23.23.937.536.636.536.337.437.436.536.335.634.118.016.614.014.215.218.919.118.518.517.618.218.012.212.512.512.512.311.110.111.111.111.59.510.812.013.210.911.042.141.742.242.342.142.643.244.444.143.641.737.938.731.030.729.429.129.028.629.528.528.426.225.923.423.225.922.521.921.421.220.919.421.019.620.219.920.318.618.719.519.822.619.924.524.524.123.919.119.018.918.619.319.319.819.947.447.847.945.645.646.145.445.945.845.443.346.144.542.143.142.742.546.446.943.948.146.642.743.042.542.843.043.442.441.226.727.327.524.123.824.523.823.022.321.722.021.618.821.422.121.419.617.816.516.716.116.316.716.716.814.0
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in
UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 11 November 2020