Maritime profile: Turkey

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
84.339 Millions
718 818 Millions current US$
388 879 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 769 630 Km²
1.60 %
60 596 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
10.6 m/km²
103 119 GT
1 598 348 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
7 076 Thousands DWT
1 224 ships
28 177 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
11 679 100 TEU
38 985
169 964
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
1.08 %0.50 %0.85 %0.96 %1.23 %0.34 %0.38 %1.37 %1.07 %0.18 %9.19 %2.40 %2.34 %1.44 %2.52 %1.33 %4.70 %1.58 %1.38 %1.14 %1.08 %0.50 %0.85 %0.96 %1.23 %0.34 %0.38 %1.37 %1.07 %0.18 %9.19 %2.40 %2.34 %1.44 %2.52 %1.33 %4.70 %1.58 %1.38 %1.14 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
150 982
169 482
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
213 619
219 397
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-62 637
-49 915
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %80 %80 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
16 04611 28310 2259 1808 11616 04611 28310 2259 1808 116
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-41.0 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
18.2
25.8
35.5
40.9
Travel
69.0
62.0
48.0
29.3
Other services
12.8
12.2
14.3
25.3
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
5 076
9 417
19 689
14 268
Transport services imports
5 146
8 078
5 274
8 598
Transport services trade balance
-70
1 339
14 415
5 670
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.4 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
7 048.0
7 878.0
8 557.0
7 075.8
Oil tankers
959.0
1 693.6
1 295.2
1 698.4
Bulk carriers
4 087.0
3 357.7
4 235.3
2 335.1
General cargo
1 565.0
2 011.5
1 610.4
1 237.7
Container ships
290.0
572.9
749.1
930.4
Other types of ships
147.0
242.3
667.1
874.2
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
67542336501216485435957124633563856012261150407781205745144183118
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.4630.4540.4120.4090.4050.4040.4010.3800.3590.3400.4630.4540.4120.4090.4050.4040.4010.3800.3590.340
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
60.861.161.556.957.757.357.555.255.656.156.357.156.755.652.957.355.851.951.550.951.355.055.152.355.354.651.051.551.050.951.350.851.150.149.048.347.448.543.539.638.936.836.236.137.337.531.934.335.035.435.936.134.633.933.332.934.133.829.829.8
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
169 964
1.19
25
5 954
15 845
3 034
194 308
Liquid bulk carriers
6 517
1.21
14
17 981
30 910
..
162 018
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
724
1.28
16
18 784
21 470
..
50 676
Liquefied natural gas carriers
141
1.29
10
112 460
91 068
..
149 367
Dry bulk carriers
4 216
3.89
15
25 351
43 760
..
108 237
Dry breakbulk carriers
19 471
1.53
28
4 132
5 804
..
43 528
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
4 431
..
25
20 834
7 934
..
76 420
Container ships
11 594
0.62
16
33 437
..
3 034
194 308
Passenger ships
122 870
..
26
1 611
..
..
54 310
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
38.837.537.837.237.536.636.536.337.437.436.536.335.634.118.016.614.014.215.218.919.118.518.517.618.218.012.212.512.512.512.311.110.111.111.111.59.510.812.013.210.911.042.642.141.737.937.236.937.134.734.434.434.434.333.932.829.534.533.028.828.828.628.43.13.13.03.03.13.13.73.04.34.344.144.244.139.338.838.938.435.535.535.335.335.335.635.933.737.836.832.434.132.933.436.936.833.422.422.521.519.920.419.619.118.519.316.516.916.24.34.44.44.43.23.23.23.942.341.241.341.142.141.742.242.342.142.643.244.444.143.641.737.938.731.030.729.429.129.028.629.528.528.426.225.923.423.225.922.521.921.421.220.919.421.019.620.219.920.318.618.719.519.822.619.924.524.524.123.919.119.018.918.619.319.319.819.951.350.750.646.447.447.847.945.645.646.145.445.945.845.443.346.144.542.143.142.742.546.446.943.948.146.642.743.042.542.843.043.442.441.226.727.327.524.123.824.523.823.022.321.722.021.618.821.422.121.419.617.816.516.716.116.316.716.716.814.0
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities. Refers to year 2019.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 22 July 2021