General profile: United Kingdom

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
68.145 Millions
0.780 GBP/US$
2 706 163 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 241 930 km²
0.85 %
-9.85 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-14.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
384 477
415 959
465 850
403 319
Merchandise imports
513 673
591 095
630 003
634 710
Merchandise trade balance
-129 196
-175 136
-164 153
-231 391
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %73 %73 %7 %7 %6 %6 %7 %7 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
57 72241 17827 32824 78523 52257 72241 17827 32824 78523 522
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
247 024
289 618
369 229
342 439
Services imports
181 457
190 332
235 013
204 748
Services trade balance
65 567
99 286
134 215
137 691
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
11.8
9.8
8.9
6.0
Travel
13.3
12.1
14.0
5.5
Other services
74.1
76.5
75.1
86.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
801001059991100961048390847381839384787877767483899893911009910987939389919192969596949291
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-9.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
2 532 804
2 481 580
2 932 785
2 706 163
GDP per capita, current US$
41 851
38 955
44 363
39 712
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.96
2.07
2.36
-9.85
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.94
-3.18
-4.90
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.550
0.647
0.655
0.780
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
64.019.118.331.232.664.019.118.331.232.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
182 927.94
58 200.28
39 185.70
..
FDI outflows
88 560.32
48 091.80
-66 821.48
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.24
0.20
0.17
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3 872.74 389.84 308.94 582.35 003.44 935.64 804.54 944.75 099.04 951.45 243.05 995.16 556.36 105.76 045.25 920.05 030.04 490.04 820.03 610.059 13765 300101 241258 69939 18624 69051 67655 44642 20058 20089 70992 158176 839147 372182 92861 22016 59019 68335 949115 304FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-2.41
-2.01
-1.38
..
Balance, % of imports
-8.78
-6.62
-4.74
..
Normalized balance
-0.046
-0.034
-0.024
..
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
646362595758616162595556525652
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.747 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
23 161
36 887
38 897
36 189
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
80.29
85.10
89.66
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 222 000
9 772 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
13.48
5.78
4.10
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
12.86
9.49
8.29
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(o) 6.02
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 22 July 2021