General profile: Viet Nam

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
94.444 Millions
22 354.583 VND/US$
205 459 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
3.24 %
6.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+9.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
32 442
72 237
162 107
176 785
Merchandise imports
36 761
84 839
166 103
174 231
Merchandise trade balance
-4 319
-12 602
-3 996
2 553
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %79 %79 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
35 71325 06814 48710 8716 84835 71325 06814 48710 8716 848
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
4 265
7 460
11 250
(e) 12 385
Services imports
4 450
9 921
16 500
(e) 18 529
Services trade balance
-185
-2 461
-5 250
(e) -6 144
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
27.4
30.9
21.6
(e) 21.0
Travel
53.9
59.7
65.3
(e) 66.6
Other services
18.7
9.4
13.1
(e) 12.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
883883789789635635552552468468394394353353295295286286262262226226191191168168140140120120108108100100137137136136132132130130130130130130131131125125125125118118116116112112106106104104989898981001008837896355524683943532952862622261911681401201081001371361321301301301311251251181161121061049898100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
57 633
115 932
193 241
205 459
GDP per capita, current US$
684
1 312
2 068
2 175
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.55
6.42
6.68
6.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
-0.97
-3.69
0.47
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
15 858.900
18 612.900
21 697.600
22 354.583
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
68.06.327.789.889.068.06.327.789.889.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
1 954.00
8 000.00
11 800.00
12 600.00
FDI outflows
65.00
900.00
1 100.00
1 388.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
12 60012 60011 80011 8009 2009 2008 9008 9008 3688 3687 5197 5198 0008 0007 6007 6009 5799 5796 9816 9812 4002 4001 9541 9541 6101 6101 4501 4501 4001 4001 3001 3001 2891 28912 60011 8009 2008 9008 3687 5198 0007 6009 5796 9812 4001 9541 6101 4501 4001 3001 289FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-4.55
-6.55
1.11
(e) 2.24
Balance, % of imports
-6.67
-8.70
1.25
(e) 2.50
Normalized balance
-0.035
-0.045
0.006
(e) 0.012
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
182178169163154158144128154157140132
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
52%Male 52%Female
48%Female 48%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.427 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 126 000 000
5 415 187 000
7 315 484 000
7 709 445 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
14.30
31.36
46.36
62.84
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 983 583
(e) 9 531 076
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.77
7.91
29.37
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.12
8.40
21.13
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017