General profile: Saudi Arabia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
32.158 Millions
3.750 SAR/US$
688 408 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
3.52 %
1.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-14.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
180 711
251 143
203 550
(e) 174 919
Merchandise imports
59 459
106 863
174 675
(e) 139 390
Merchandise trade balance
121 252
144 280
28 875
(e) 35 529
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %25 %25 %71 %71 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
22 99818 66017 60016 39514 97222 99818 66017 60016 39514 972
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
11 410
10 689
14 474
15 958
Services imports
33 121
76 772
88 036
71 159
Services trade balance
-21 711
-66 084
-73 562
-55 201
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
16.0
19.1
19.7
19.3
Travel
40.5
62.8
70.0
69.5
Other services
43.5
18.2
10.3
11.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
156156182182272272300300334334297297221221167167260260214214221221201201146146116116949488881001001311311591592382382472472772772582582082081671672222221921921971971741741341341121121121129292100100156182272300334297221167260214221201146116948810013115923824727725820816722219219717413411211292100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
328 461
526 811
653 219
688 408
GDP per capita, current US$
13 274
18 754
20 711
21 407
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.57
4.76
3.35
1.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
27.42
12.67
-8.19
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
3.747
3.750
3.750
3.750
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
40.429.632.733.335.940.429.632.733.335.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
12 097.33
29 232.71
8 141.03
7 452.53
FDI outflows
-349.87
3 906.85
5 389.93
8 358.66
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
7 4537 4538 1418 1418 0128 0128 8658 86512 18212 18216 30816 30829 23329 23336 45836 45839 45639 45624 31924 31918 29318 29312 09712 0971 9421 9427787784534535045041831837 4538 1418 0128 86512 18216 30829 23336 45839 45624 31918 29312 0971 942778453504183FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
31.79
16.63
-4.48
0.46
Balance, % of imports
119.03
50.30
-11.85
1.63
Normalized balance
0.373
0.201
-0.063
0.008
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
577181838486838596959085
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
83%Male 83%Female
17%Female 17%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.233 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 582 000 000
2 319 295 000
4 231 304 000
4 207 486 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
36.24
50.43
64.83
61.79
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 313 141
(e) 6 326 861
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.07
0.11
0.16
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.65
7.35
7.77
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017