Classifications

Country classification

General disclaimer

The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsover on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Countries and territories

The term "economies", as used in this data center, describes regions, countries and territories. Country-level data are included where statistics have been reported or where it was possible to make an estimate. In case of change in the statistical coverage of a country, it is identified by adding an end year after the country name. Countries validity periods as well as special statistical coverages used in UNCTADstat are detailed below.

Countries and territories are grouped by economic criteria or membership of trade agreements for the purposes of statistical analysis and research.

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatIndividual countries and territories
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatSpecial statistical coverages
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatFormer countries

Geographical regions

There is no established convention for the designation of "developed" and "developing" countries or areas in the United Nations system. This section includes countries and territories classified according to three categories of development: developing economies, transition economies and developed economies. Each category is further divided by geographical region. The exact composition of each region is detailed below.

World' total represents the sum of the figures of the three above-mentioned groups plus the figures of a group of territories and partners not elsewhere classified, whose composition is detailed below. Data of these territories are included in the world total if they have been reported but are not presented individually or in any group, either geographical, economic or trade.

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatDevelopment status groupings and composition
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatGeographical groupings and composition
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel format"Other territories" grouping composition

Unless otherwise specified, country aggregates are the sums of the relevant country data by group. Calculations of aggregates may in some cases include data estimated by the UNCTAD secretariat that are not necessarily all reported separately.

Data were collected and checked to ensure that they matched the geographical coverage of the countries. However, some gaps could not be avoided due to data unavailability and are described in the table notes.

Economic groupings

UNCTADstat provides numerous and varied groupings of countries and territories in order to provide easy access to the statistics necessary for socio-economic analysis and development research.

  • Download in PDF format Composition criterias of economic groupings
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatEconomic groupings and composition

Economies by trade, monetary groups and interregional groupings

Statistics on trade and monetary groups are presented where relevant and of special analytical interest.

These groups, which are not limited to developing countries, are classified by geographical region, with the exception of some interregional groupings.

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatTrade and monetary groupings and composition

Product classification

Standard international trade classification (SITC) Revision 3

The Standard International Trade Classification which is a statistical classification of the commodities entering external trade. The current international standard is the SITC, Revision 3.

"UNCTAD product groups" are provided for special analytical interest.

The definition of "Manufactured goods by degree of manufacturing" is taken from Trade and Development Report (TDR) 2002 Annexes to Chapter III. Furthermore, some additional works were undertaken to convert the original list in SITC Rev.2 into SITC Rev.3, to extend its coverage to all commodities and to ensure consistency with existing UNCTAD product groups.

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatStandard International Trade Classification (SITC) Revision 3
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatUNCTAD product groupings and composition (SITC Rev. 3)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel format Manufactured goods by degree of manufacturing (SITC Rev. 3)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel format Product by technological categories (SITC Rev. 3 based on Lall (2000))

Creative products

Given the complexity of making clear distinctions and defining the borderline between a creative good that is exclusive and mass production, between handmade and machine-made, between decorative and functional, etc., this exercise of compiling statistics for creative goods includes all the creative goods with the above characteristics since they fall under the criteria of the UNCTAD classification of "the cycle of creation, production and distribution of a tangible product with creative content, economic and cultural value and a market objective".

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatCreative product groupings and composition (HS 1992)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatCreative product groupings and composition (HS 1996)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatCreative product groupings and composition (HS 2002)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatCreative product groupings and composition (HS 2007)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatCreative product groupings and composition (HS 2012)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatCreative economy product groupings

Information and communication technology (ICT) products

The list of ICT goods is defined by the OECD, and was revised in 2010. This new list consists of 95 goods defined at the 6 digit level of the 2007 version of the Harmonised System. ICT goods categories definition is according to the OECD’s Guide to measuring the Information Society 2011.

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatICT goods categories and composition (HS 1992)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatICT goods categories and composition (HS 1996)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatICT goods categories and composition (HS 2002)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatICT goods categories and composition (HS 2007)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatICT goods categories and composition (HS 2012)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel formatICT goods categories and composition

Other classifications

Information and communication technology (ICT)

Core indicators on ICT use in business by industrial classification of economic activity are based on ISIC Rev.3.1 or ISIC Rev.4.

  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel format Information and communication technology - Economic activities (ISIC Rev. 3.1)
  • Download in PDF formatDownload in Excel format Information and communication technology - Economic activities (ISIC Rev. 4)

Classification revision history

UNCTADstat Classification is updated once a year.

  • Download in PDF formatClassification update - September 2016
  • Download in PDF formatClassification update - July 2015
  • Download in PDF formatClassification update - July 2014
  • Download in PDF format Classification update - June 2013 (Revision)
  • Download in PDF formatClassification update - June 2013
  • Download in PDF formatClassification update - July 2012
  • Download in PDF formatClassification update - September 2011