General profile: Afghanistan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2015
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
32.527 Millions
61.104 AFN/US$
19 870 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 652 860 km²
-1.53 %
2.04 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2015
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Merchandise exports
384
388
571
571
Merchandise imports
2 471
5 154
7 729
7 723
Merchandise trade balance
-2 087
-4 766
-7 159
-7 151
Export structure by product group in 2015
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %15 %15 %8 %8 %8 %8 %30 %30 %35 %35 %
Top 5 partners in 2015
(exports, millions of US$)
182151362515182151362515
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Services exports
-
2 125
1 253
(e) 911
Services imports
-
1 380
1 850
(e) 1 722
Services trade balance
-
745
-597
(e) -811
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Transport
-
9.8
7.5
(e) 3.9
Travel
-
4.0
6.7
(e) 11.6
Other services
-
86.1
85.7
(e) 84.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
269269241241213213172172150150179179200200241241237237239239234234206206105105787852521001001451451411411381381381381451451441441391391291291291291271271201201221221121121161161161161001002692412131721501792002412372392342061057852100145141138138145144139129129127120122112116116100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2015
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2014
2015
GDP, current
6 622
16 078
21 122
19 870
GDP per capita, current US$
271
575
668
611
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.90
3.24
2.15
2.04
Current account balance, % of GDP
-0.32
-10.26
-19.02
-18.38
Exchange rate (/US$)
49.495
46.453
57.248
61.104
GDP by expenditure in 2014
(as % of total GDP)
80.512.417.76.545.080.512.417.76.545.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2015
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2014
2015
FDI inflows
271.00
211.25
53.56
58.00
FDI outflows
1.50
71.70
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
2.13
1.27
1.76
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
350.0350.0268.1268.1313.8313.8251.7251.7185.3185.3342.1342.1152.2152.2105.75858545469699494838321121176769494189189238238271271187187585850500.6800.6800.1700.170350.0268.1313.8251.7185.3342.1152.25854699483211769418923827118758500.6800.170FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Balance, % of GDP
-
-22.05
-31.87
(e) -42.69
Balance, % of imports
-
-58.51
-78.34
(e) -85.18
Normalized balance
-
-0.413
-0.644
(e) -0.742
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
5849515757535252
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2015
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
84%Male 84%Female
16%Female 16%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2015
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2014
2015
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
..
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2014
2015
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
..
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
..
0.37
0.09
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 09 December 2016