General profile: Australia

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
24.451 Millions
1.305 AUD/US$
1 422 978 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 7 682 300 km²
1.95 %
2.27 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+19.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
106 097
212 634
187 742
230 829
Merchandise imports
125 281
201 639
208 752
(e) 228 580
Merchandise trade balance
-19 184
10 995
-21 010
(e) 2 249
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
9 %9 %12 %12 %31 %31 %33 %33 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
68 09624 00813 14610 7579 11068 09624 00813 14610 7579 110
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
32 227
51 899
54 694
64 900
Services imports
33 057
57 709
63 522
67 735
Services trade balance
-830
-5 810
-8 828
-2 835
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
17.5
11.4
9.3
9.0
Travel
57.2
62.8
62.6
64.3
Other services
25.1
25.7
28.0
26.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
243243228228247247249249241241260260230230186186210210173173161161142142122122106106108108105105100100147147148148165165177177182182200200179179163163175175152152146146131131116116106106106106104104100100243228247249241260230186210173161142122106108105100147148165177182200179163175152146131116106106104100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
762 488
1 293 794
1 243 240
1 422 978
GDP per capita, current US$
37 674
58 490
52 238
58 198
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.98
2.37
2.77
2.27
Current account balance, % of GDP
-5.69
-3.46
-4.72
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.309
1.090
1.331
1.305
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
56.318.724.420.920.256.318.724.420.920.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
-28 294.65
36 795.52
20 462.92
46 367.98
FDI outflows
-35 783.18
19 803.52
-20 055.74
4 881.36
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.12
0.14
0.17
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 043.22 043.22 113.02 113.02 327.82 327.82 460.02 460.02 440.62 440.62 449.32 449.31 864.51 864.51 334.61 334.61 526.01 526.01 341.91 341.91 014.81 014.8940.4940.42 838.02 838.02 325.02 325.01 769.01 769.01 782.01 782.01 904.01 904.046 36846 36847 75647 75620 46320 46340 97040 97056 76656 76659 57459 57458 93258 93236 79636 79631 89331 89346 90746 90741 48041 48026 31426 314-28 295-28 29539 61239 6126 3396 33914 24614 2467 8257 82514 19114 1912 043.22 113.02 327.82 460.02 440.62 449.31 864.51 334.61 526.01 341.91 014.8940.42 838.02 325.01 769.01 782.01 904.046 36847 75620 46340 97056 76659 57458 93236 79631 89346 90741 48026 314-28 29539 6126 33914 2467 82514 191FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-1.96
0.43
-2.25
0.55
Balance, % of imports
-9.71
2.16
-10.34
2.69
Normalized balance
-0.051
0.011
-0.055
0.013
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
41394142414242414046404138
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.101 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
2 376
2 171
1 903
1 876
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
28.02
28.11
32.02
28.43
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 412 164
7 633 532
7 693 643
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.68
0.96
1.40
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.41
10.37
9.99
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
4.64
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018