General profile: Pakistan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
192.827 Millions
104.769 PKR/US$
285 551 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
3.75 %
5.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
16 051
21 410
22 089
20 435
Merchandise imports
25 357
37 807
43 795
47 155
Merchandise trade balance
-9 306
-16 397
-21 706
-26 720
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %76 %76 %19 %19 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
3 3431 8541 6021 4071 0313 3431 8541 6021 4071 031
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
3 664
6 575
5 781
(e) 4 949
Services imports
7 592
7 173
8 238
(e) 7 953
Services trade balance
-3 928
-598
-2 457
(e) -3 004
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
29.4
21.7
19.0
(e) 20.3
Travel
5.0
4.6
5.5
(e) 6.5
Other services
65.6
73.7
75.5
(e) 73.1
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
102102999910210210410410410411211211711710910910510511811812412412912912212212212211611610910910010063636060595957575959626265656565585866667070757585858989959510010010010010299102104104112117109105118124129122122116109100636059575962656558667075858995100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
117 708
174 508
266 458
285 551
GDP per capita, current US$
768
1 026
1 410
1 481
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.67
1.61
5.54
5.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
-3.06
-0.78
-0.60
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
59.515
85.194
102.769
104.769
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
79.211.815.110.917.179.211.815.110.917.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
2 201.00
2 022.00
1 289.00
2 006.00
FDI outflows
44.00
47.00
25.00
52.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
(g) 3.64
5.55
7.25
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
19 306.019 306.017 244.017 244.014 629.014 629.014 007.014 007.012 263.012 263.09 690.09 690.08 717.08 717.07 039.07 039.05 998.05 998.05 121.05 121.04 280.04 280.03 945.03 945.03 964.02 0062 0061 2891 2891 8671 8671 3331 3338598591 1621 1622 0222 0222 3382 3385 4385 4385 5905 5904 2734 2732 2012 2011 1181 11853453482382338338330930919 306.017 244.014 629.014 007.012 263.09 690.08 717.07 039.05 998.05 121.04 280.03 945.02 0061 2891 8671 3338591 1622 0222 3385 4385 5904 2732 2011 118534823383309FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-8.64
-6.85
-7.14
(e) -7.99
Balance, % of imports
-34.74
-29.89
-40.01
(e) -46.10
Normalized balance
-0.210
-0.176
-0.250
(e) -0.300
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
272933363737393649394141
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
78%Male 78%Female
22%Female 22%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.039 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
472 000 000
481 126 000
709 720 000
709 720 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
21.49
29.48
32.33
36.58
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 149 000
(e) 2 597 395
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.51
0.20
0.24
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.70
3.35
4.90
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
g
Break.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017