General profile: India

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1 339.180 Millions
65.122 INR/US$
2 555 786 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 2 973 190 km²
2.49 %
6.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+13.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
99 616
226 351
267 444
298 376
Merchandise imports
142 870
350 233
392 866
447 241
Merchandise trade balance
-43 254
-123 881
-125 422
-148 865
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
11 %11 %62 %62 %11 %11 %4 %4 %12 %12 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
49 73525 54414 62514 0109 47849 73525 54414 62514 0109 478
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
52 179
117 068
156 278
183 980
Services imports
(e) 60 636
(e) 114 928
(e) 123 567
(e) 154 014
Services trade balance
(e) -8 457
(e) 2 140
(e) 32 711
(e) 29 967
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
12.5
11.3
9.2
9.2
Travel
14.4
12.4
13.4
14.9
Other services
(e) 73.1
76.3
77.2
75.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
503503433433403403379379340340346346313313253253231231198198181181166166143143129129112112106106100100113113104104959592929090909093939595828282828686888892929696898998981001005034334033793403463132532311981811661431291121061001131049592909093958282868892968998100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
812 059
1 650 635
2 132 755
2 555 786
GDP per capita, current US$
710
1 341
1 629
1 908
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.28
10.26
8.01
6.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.27
-3.30
-1.06
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
44.100
45.726
64.152
65.122
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
58.811.730.419.220.658.811.730.419.220.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
(j) 7 621.77
(j) 27 417.08
(j) 44 064.10
(j) 39 916.09
FDI outflows
(j) 2 985.49
(j) 15 947.43
(j) 7 572.42
(j) 11 304.35
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.72
3.24
3.26
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
62 745.062 745.068 909.768 909.770 388.670 388.669 970.469 970.468 820.568 820.562 499.162 499.153 480.053 480.049 203.949 203.949 977.349 977.337 216.837 216.828 333.628 333.622 125.122 125.118 753.018 753.021 015.021 015.015 707.015 707.014 229.014 229.012 845.012 845.039 91639 91644 48144 48144 06444 06434 58234 58228 19928 19924 19624 19636 19036 19027 41727 41735 63435 63447 10247 10225 35025 35020 32820 3287 6227 6225 7785 7784 3214 3215 6305 6305 4785 4783 5883 58862 745.068 909.770 388.669 970.468 820.562 499.153 480.049 203.949 977.337 216.828 333.622 125.118 753.021 015.015 707.014 229.012 845.039 91644 48144 06434 58228 19924 19636 19027 41735 63447 10225 35020 3287 6225 7784 3215 6305 4783 588FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
(e) -5.02
(e) -7.70
(e) -4.89
(e) -4.63
Balance, % of imports
(e) -20.87
(e) -26.76
(e) -19.58
(e) -19.52
Normalized balance
(e) -0.117
(e) -0.154
(e) -0.109
(e) -0.108
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
43424553565856504757464743
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
75%Male 75%Female
25%Female 25%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.930 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
12 347
14 970
15 579
17 313
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
36.88
41.40
45.85
52.91
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 922 576
11 882 003
13 259 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.11
2.00
0.89
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.64
6.31
8.56
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
j
Asset/liability basis.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018