General profile: Italy

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
60.627 Millions
0.847 EUR/US$
2 071 616 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 294 140 km²
1.14 %
0.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+7.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
373 135
447 301
456 989
546 643
Merchandise imports
384 790
487 049
410 919
500 795
Merchandise trade balance
-11 655
-39 748
46 071
45 848
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %84 %84 %4 %4 %9 %9 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
68 29756 87249 97928 18627 33868 29756 87249 97928 18627 338
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
92 048
100 967
97 930
(e) 121 589
Services imports
94 795
113 120
101 433
(e) 124 980
Services trade balance
-2 747
-12 154
-3 503
(e) -3 391
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
(e) 16.3
14.8
14.5
(e) 13.3
Travel
(e) 38.4
38.4
40.3
(e) 39.8
Other services
(e) 41.4
42.2
41.6
(e) 41.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
104104106106104104100100969692929090909089898484999910510599999696979794949494949491919898100100103103100100979794949292929295959999949497979696999910110110210210110199999797104106104100969290908984991059996979494949198100103100979492929599949796991011021019997
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
1 852 616
2 125 058
1 832 273
2 071 616
GDP per capita, current US$
31 788
35 820
30 246
34 170
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.95
1.69
0.92
0.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-0.92
-3.43
1.33
2.44
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.755
0.902
0.847
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
60.818.517.631.228.260.818.517.631.228.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
23 291.30
9 178.26
19 628.24
24 275.91
FDI outflows
39 362.28
32 685.30
22 309.96
20 575.65
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.22
0.38
0.52
0.46
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
9 602.99 602.99 759.09 759.09 514.29 514.29 606.49 606.410 096.310 096.39 436.59 436.59 169.59 169.58 725.68 725.67 977.07 977.07 035.57 035.57 355.37 355.34 596.14 596.14 074.34 074.34 093.54 093.52 176.22 176.22 144.02 144.02 261.82 261.82 270.72 270.71 935.81 935.824 27624 27621 96921 96928 44928 44919 62819 62823 22323 22324 27324 273939334 32434 3249 1789 17820 07720 077-10 835-10 83543 84943 84942 58142 58123 29123 29120 12620 12619 42419 42417 05517 05514 87114 87113 37513 3759 602.99 759.09 514.29 606.410 096.39 436.59 169.58 725.67 977.07 035.57 355.34 596.14 074.34 093.52 176.22 144.02 261.82 270.71 935.824 27621 96928 44919 62823 22324 2739334 3249 17820 077-10 83543 84942 58123 29120 12619 42417 05514 87113 375FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-0.18
-1.93
2.90
(e) 2.52
Balance, % of imports
-0.74
-7.09
10.74
(e) 8.62
Normalized balance
-0.004
-0.037
0.051
(e) 0.041
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6160565756555656524655555349
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
60%Male 60%Female
40%Female 40%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.784 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
11 316
17 276
16 956
15 091
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
55.69
64.99
64.96
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 680 629
10 018 365
10 547 112
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.11
2.15
1.90
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.05
7.73
5.19
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019