General profile: Romania

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
19.373 Millions
4.079 RON/US$
180 509 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
-1.54 %
4.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
27 688
49 579
60 590
63 520
Merchandise imports
40 518
62 109
69 874
74 539
Merchandise trade balance
-12 831
-12 530
-9 284
-11 020
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %82 %82 %4 %4 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
13 6767 3744 5893 2952 75513 6767 3744 5893 2952 755
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
9 668
10 380
18 467
(e) 19 841
Services imports
5 498
8 396
10 932
(e) 11 399
Services trade balance
4 170
1 984
7 535
(e) 8 441
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
17.1
24.9
31.3
(e) 30.7
Travel
10.9
10.9
9.3
(e) 8.7
Other services
24.3
48.8
42.4
(e) 44.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
388388366366350350330330298298308308276276230230247247230230203203183183168168142142129129110110100100107107107107105105106106107107108108107107106106105105106106107107106106107107104104102102100100100100388366350330298308276230247230203183168142129110100107107105106107108107106105106107106107104102100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
99 699
167 998
177 956
180 509
GDP per capita, current US$
4 657
8 276
9 121
9 318
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.17
-0.80
3.66
4.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
-8.57
-5.05
-1.13
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
2.914
3.178
4.006
4.079
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
61.413.525.641.141.661.413.525.641.141.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
6 152.30
3 041.04
3 838.95
4 573.02
FDI outflows
-31.09
6.46
562.21
240.74
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
1.71
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 932.52 932.53 381.33 381.33 518.83 518.8733.2131.0131.0124.0124.0143.0143.0116.0116.096.096.04 5734 5733 8393 8393 2113 2113 6013 6013 1993 1992 3632 3633 0413 0414 6654 66513 49213 4929 7339 73310 85810 8586 1526 1526 4366 4362 1962 1961 1411 1411 1581 1581 0571 0572 932.53 381.33 518.8131.0124.0143.0116.096.04 5733 8393 2113 6013 1992 3633 0414 66513 4929 73310 8586 1526 4362 1961 1411 1581 057FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
-10.21
-6.40
-0.62
(e) -0.99
Balance, % of imports
-29.65
-16.67
-1.49
(e) -2.25
Normalized balance
-0.174
-0.091
-0.008
(e) -0.011
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
878383808079706167656159
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
55%Male 55%Female
45%Female 45%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.003 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
481 000 000
244 114 000
55 040 000
58 350 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
15.37
15.48
28.77
29.89
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
556 694
(e) 775 743
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.15
8.39
3.66
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.74
9.30
7.28
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
3.00
(l) 3.56
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017