General profile: Romania

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2018
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
19.506 Millions
3.942 RON/US$
240 350 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 230 080 km²
4.63 %
4.15 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+12.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2018
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchandise exports
27 688
49 579
60 595
79 671
Merchandise imports
40 518
62 109
69 824
97 778
Merchandise trade balance
-12 831
-12 530
-9 229
-18 107
Export structure by product group in 2018
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %83 %83 %4 %4 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2018
(exports, millions of US$)
18 3929 1525 6863 9103 40118 3929 1525 6863 9103 401
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Services exports
9 668
10 380
18 467
(e) 26 611
Services imports
5 498
8 396
10 932
(e) 16 813
Services trade balance
4 170
1 984
7 535
(e) 9 798
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Transport
17.1
24.9
31.3
(e) 29.6
Travel
10.9
10.9
9.3
(e) 10.3
Other services
24.3
48.8
42.4
(e) 46.0
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
111111110110106106100100969690908181848476766363686863635656515147474040363631312828989898981001001001009898999999991001009999989898989898999998989898959594949292919111111010610096908184766368635651474036312898981001009899991009998989899989895949291
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2018
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
GDP, current
99 699
166 658
177 913
240 350
GDP per capita, current US$
4 655
8 141
8 929
12 322
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.17
-2.81
3.97
4.15
Current account balance, % of GDP
-8.57
-5.09
-1.21
-4.48
Exchange rate (/US$)
2.914
3.178
4.006
3.942
GDP by expenditure in 2017
(as % of total GDP)
62.615.124.441.443.662.615.124.441.443.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2018
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2018
FDI inflows
6 152.30
2 997.17
3 838.94
5 887.73
FDI outflows
-39.80
-50.06
562.21
13.15
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.95
0.38
1.73
2.18
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
5 244.95 244.94 299.14 299.13 488.83 488.83 085.53 085.53 381.33 381.33 518.83 518.8733.2733.2694.1694.1641.4641.4682.5682.51 702.31 702.31 624.31 624.31 160.51 160.5951.85 8885 8885 4065 4064 9974 9973 8393 8393 2113 2113 6013 6013 1993 1992 3632 3632 9972 9974 6654 66513 49213 4929 7339 73310 85810 8586 1526 1526 4366 4362 1962 1961 1411 1411 1581 1581 0571 0575 244.94 299.13 488.83 085.53 381.33 518.8733.2694.1641.4682.51 702.31 624.31 160.55 8885 4064 9973 8393 2113 6013 1992 3632 9974 66513 4929 73310 8586 1526 4362 1961 1411 1581 057FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Balance, % of GDP
-10.21
-6.45
-0.62
(e) -3.21
Balance, % of imports
-29.65
-16.67
-1.48
(e) -7.19
Normalized balance
-0.174
-0.091
-0.007
(e) -0.037
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
8685848383808079715966636159
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2018
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.003 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2018
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2018
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
481
244
55
58
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
19.02
26.11
26.17
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
567 000
699 000
678 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2018
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.15
8.39
3.66
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.74
9.30
7.28
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
3.00
(o) 3.56
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 November 2019