General profile: Canada

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2016
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
36.286 Millions
1.325 CAD/US$
1 538 219 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
..
1.43 %
1.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2016
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchandise exports
360 475
387 481
409 952
390 117
Merchandise imports
322 411
402 690
436 321
416 602
Merchandise trade balance
38 064
-15 209
-26 369
-26 485
Export structure by product group in 2016
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %55 %55 %17 %17 %7 %7 %5 %5 %13 %13 %
Top 5 partners in 2016
(exports, millions of US$)
296 52815 83212 9078 0905 761296 52815 83212 9078 0905 761
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Services exports
60 224
76 927
79 975
(e) 80 927
Services imports
65 160
98 435
99 094
(e) 97 378
Services trade balance
-4 936
-21 508
-19 119
(e) -16 451
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Transport
17.6
16.1
15.3
(e) 15.2
Travel
22.7
20.6
20.7
(e) 22.5
Other services
57.2
61.5
62.0
(e) 60.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
121121122122128128121121117117116116108108939312512512412411811811511510810898989494959510010010610610810811911911911911711712012011811810910912512511911911411411211210810810310397979999100100121122128121117116108931251241181151089894951001061081191191171201181091251191141121081039799100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2016
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
GDP, current
1 169 393
1 613 463
1 552 808
1 538 219
GDP per capita, current US$
36 253
47 279
43 206
42 391
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.20
3.08
0.94
1.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.88
-3.60
-3.33
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.212
1.030
1.279
1.325
GDP by expenditure in 2015
(as % of total GDP)
57.621.023.831.634.057.621.023.831.634.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2016
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2016
FDI inflows
25 691.56
28 400.44
41 512.00
33 721.14
FDI outflows
27 538.46
34 722.76
67 036.98
66 402.60
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
33 72133 72141 51241 51259 06259 06269 39169 39143 11143 11139 66939 66928 40028 40022 70022 70061 55361 553116 821116 82160 29460 29425 69225 692-445-4457 4827 48222 15522 15527 66327 66366 79566 79533 72141 51259 06269 39143 11139 66928 40022 70061 553116 82160 29425 692-4457 48222 15527 66366 795FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Balance, % of GDP
3.90
-1.91
-2.39
(e) -2.36
Balance, % of imports
11.85
-6.17
-7.04
(e) -7.10
Normalized balance
0.056
-0.032
-0.036
(e) -0.037
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
646664626262605967666870
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2016
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.175 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2016
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2016
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
3 027 000 000
3 401 120 000
3 546 086 000
3 168 140 000
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
39.81
42.39
42.88
42.64
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
4 829 806
(e) 5 578 006
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2016
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.88
2.76
2.14
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
9.07
8.43
7.13
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
(j) 3.70
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
j
Data include self-employed jobs.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 15 September 2017