General profile: Madagascar

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2017
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
25.571 Millions
3 116.110 MGA/US$
12 902 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area ¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(m) 581 800 km²
8.28 %
4.30 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2017
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchandise exports
855
1 149
2 042
(e) 2 346
Merchandise imports
1 706
2 584
2 795
(e) 3 960
Merchandise trade balance
-852
-1 434
-752
(e) -1 613
Export structure by product group in 2017
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %31 %31 %31 %31 %31 %31 %
Top 5 partners in 2017
(exports, millions of US$)
590392158154143590392158154143
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services ²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Services exports
469
953
1 073
-
Services imports
680
1 165
1 041
-
Services trade balance
-211
-212
32
-
Services exports by main category ²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Transport
21.6
31.6
22.4
-
Travel
44.5
32.4
57.9
-
Other services
33.7
34.6
19.7
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
175175159159149149128128999910210287878585979710410489898383107107101101626211811810010085858787838377777979787876767373696973737373747481818686878791911001001751591491289910287859710489831071016211810085878377797876736973737481868791100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2017
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
GDP, current
5 936
10 401
11 406
12 902
GDP per capita, current US$
324
492
471
505
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.60
0.57
3.05
4.30
Current account balance, % of GDP
-15.32
-11.05
-3.24
..
Exchange rate (/US$)
2 003.026
2 089.950
2 933.508
3 116.110
GDP by expenditure in 2016
(as % of total GDP)
71.514.021.521.128.171.514.021.521.128.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2017
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2017
FDI inflows
86.02
764.69
435.82
389.06
FDI outflows
2.49
0.55
1.10
-0.86
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.29
6.27
4.39
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
437.4437.4427.5427.5427.5427.5427.5427.5396.7396.7398.4398.4547.0547.0337.5337.5374.7374.7301.2301.2174.9174.9115.23893894514514364363143145515517787787887887657651 2691 2691 3931 393741741295295868695959595616193938383437.4427.5427.5427.5396.7398.4547.0337.5374.7301.2174.93894514363145517787887651 2691 393741295869595619383FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators ²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Balance, % of GDP
-13.26
-12.10
-2.61
-
Balance, % of imports
-37.72
-37.44
-8.70
-
Normalized balance
-0.232
-0.230
-0.045
-
Trade openness ²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
615763555551535965666057
LABOUR FORCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Labour force by gender in 2017
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
51%Male 51%Female
49%Female 49%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2017
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2017
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
30
31
11
9
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2004 = 100 for China)
6.83
7.38
11.37
10.22
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
141 100
139 200
170 300
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2017
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.35
0.24
0.09
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.63
3.13
3.29
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Estimated. Data refers to 2013.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 14 August 2018